April 2018: African Penguin

Scientific Name Spheniscus demersus
Alternate Name Black-Footed Penguin, Jackass Penguin
Collective Name Colony, Crèche, Huddle, Rookery
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Aves Sphenisciformes Spheniscidae Spheniscus
Africa Shrubland, Marine Neritic, Marine Oceanic, Marine Coastal/Supratidal, Marine Intertidal
43-71 cm. 17-28 in. 1-5 kg. 2-11 lb.
10-30 yr. 10 yr. (Generation)
Endangered Social Diurnal
Decreasing Monogamous Carnivore
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The African penguin (Spheniscus demersus,) is the only penguin species found in Africa. These social, aquatic birds live in large colonies along the shores of Southern Africa and take part in communal behaviors, such as the cooperative raising of young, monogamous breeding habits, and symbiotic preening routines. With a pelage of black and white feathers that allow these penguins to camouflage themselves from both, aquatic and aerial predators, these avians are often mistaken for their similar penguin relatives. Listed as an “Endangered” species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, these fowl are not as well-known as some other penguin species.

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