December 2017: White Rhinoceros

Common Name   White Rhinoceros
Scientific Name   Ceratotherium simum
Alternate Names   Square-Lipped Rhinoceros, Square-Lipped Rhino, White Rhino, Wide-Lipped Rhinoceros, Wide-Lipped Rhino
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Ceratotherium
  Near Threatened   Diurnal, Crepuscular   Social   Herbivore
 Africa  Savanna, Shrubland, Grassland
 170-284 cm. | 67-112 in. 335-376 cm. | 132-148 in.
 1,000-3,355 kg. | 2,205-7,397 lb.  27-50 yr.
Front Hind

The white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum,) or square-lipped rhinoceros, is the second largest land mammal on the planet. Distinguished from the black rhinoceros by its wide, flat lip, the white rhino is perfectly built for grazing upon grasses and leaves while holding its face parallel to the earth. Two subspecies are recognized, the Southern White Rhino, (C. s. simum,) with Near Threatened populations in southern Africa, and the Northern White Rhino, (C. s. cottoni,) a Critically Endangered variation nearly extinct in the wild.

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