December 2017: White Rhinoceros

Scientific Name   Ceratotherium simum
Alternate Name   Bull (Male), Cow (Female), Square-Lipped Rhinoceros, Square-Lipped Rhino, White Rhino, Wide-Lipped Rhinoceros, Wide-Lipped Rhino
Collective Name   Crash, Stubbornness
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Ceratotherium
  Near Threatened   Diurnal   Social   Herbivore
  Africa   Savanna, Shrubland, Grassland
  170-284 cm.   67-112 in.   335-376 cm.   132-148 in.
  1,000-3,355 kg.   2,205-7,397 lb.   27-50 yr.
Fore Hind

The white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum,) or square-lipped rhinoceros, is the second largest land mammal on the planet. Distinguished from the black rhinoceros by its wide, flat lip, the white rhino is perfectly built for grazing upon grasses and leaves while holding its face parallel to the earth. Two subspecies are recognized, the Southern White Rhino, (C. s. simum,) with populations in southern Africa listed as “Near Threatened” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, and the Northern White Rhino, (C. s. cottoni,) a “Critically Endangered” variation nearly extinct in the wild.

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