March 2018: Dhole

Scientific Name Cuon alpinus
Alternate Name Asiatic/Indian Wild Dog, Mountain/Red Wolf, Northern Dhole, Red/Whistling Dog
Collective Name Litter (Young), Pack
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Canidae Cuon
Asia Forest, Shrubland, Grassland
50 cm. 20 in. 9-21 kg. 22-45 lb.
88-92 cm. 35-36 in. 10-16 yr. 5 yr. (Generation)
Endangered Social Diurnal
Decreasing Monogamous Carnivore
Fore Hind
3 Subspecies
C. a. alpinus Chinese, Eastern Asiatic, Indian, Southern, Ussuri
C. a. hesperius Siberian, Northern, Tian Shan, Western Asiatic
C. a. sumatrensis Javan, Malayan, Sumatran

The dhole (Cuon alpinus,) is the only species within the Cuon genus and is most closely related to the African wild dog, even sometimes referred to as the “Asian wild dog”. Dholes are incredibly social canines that live in large packs structured within a clear hierarchy ruled by a dominant alpha breeding pair. Like African wild dogs, dholes participate in cooperative hunting and raising of their young and tend to live a docile, communal lifestyle. The dhole is listed as “Endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.

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