February 2019: Pine Marten

Scientific Name Martes martes
Alternate Name Baum Marten, European Pine Marten, Sweet Marten
Collective Name
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Mustelidae Martes
Asia, Europe Forest, Shrubland, Artifical/Terrestrial
400-1800 g. 16-64 oz.
45-58 cm. 17-23 in. 10-17 yr. 5.75 yr. (Generation)
Least Concern Solitary Nocturnal
Stable Omnivore
Fore Hind
8 Subspecies
M. m. borealis M. m. latinorum M. m. lorenzi M. m. martes
M. m. minoricensis M. m. notialis M. m. ruthena M. m. uralensis

The pine marten (Martes martes) is a small, omnivorous mustelid native to the continental Eurasian area, from western Europe in the west to western Siberia in the east and from the northern edge of coniferous forest in the north to Asia Minor in the south. As an arboreal mammal, this creature is a skilled treetop hunter and adept climber with many physical adaptations that help it scale trees, such as a long tail, powerful forelimbs, and acrobatic abilities. Pine martens reside in forest habitats, including deciduous, mixed, and coniferous forests, with old-growth forests preferred over younger forests. As nocturnal creatures, these martens are mostly active during the night and at dusk. The pine marten is listed as “Least Concern” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.

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