December 2017: White Rhinoceros

Scientific Name Ceratotherium simum
Alternate Name Bull (Male), Cow (Female), Square-Lipped Rhinoceros/Rhino, White Rhino, Wide-Lipped Rhinoceros/Rhino
Collective Name Crash, Stubbornness
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Ceratotherium
Africa Savanna, Shrubland, Grassland
1.7-2.8 m. 5.5-9.3 ft. 1,000-3,355 kg. 2,205-7,397 lb.
3.35-3.76 m. 11-12.33 ft. 27-50 yr.
Near Threatened Social Diurnal
Decreasing Polygynandrous Herbivore
Fore Hind
2 Subspecies
C. s. cottoni Southern
C. s. simum Northern

The white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum,) or square-lipped rhinoceros, is the second largest land mammal on the planet. Distinguished from the black rhinoceros by its wide, flat lip, the white rhino is perfectly built for grazing upon grasses and leaves while holding its face parallel to the earth. Two subspecies are recognized, the Southern White Rhino, (C. s. simum,) with populations in southern Africa listed as “Near Threatened” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, and the Northern White Rhino, (C. s. cottoni,) a “Critically Endangered” variation nearly extinct in the wild.

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