Like many other canid species, red foxes scent mark through urine, feces, anal sac secretions, supracaudal glands, and glands around the tail, lips, jaws, and pawpads.
The red fox’s top speed is about 48 kph and obstacles as high as 2 m. can be lept.
Red fox density is highly variable, ranging from as little as 1 fox/40 km² to as high as 30 foxes/km² in urban areas where food is abundant.
Threats to the red fox are highly localized and include habitat degradation, loss, and fragmentation, exploitation, and direct and indirect persecution.
Female red foxes gestate for 49-56 days before giving birth to 1-13 pups, averaging 5, while the male provides food outside of the maternity den.
Red foxes originated in the Middle East, then radiated out to the Arctic Circle, Europe, North Africa, the Asiatic steppes, India, and Japan.
Red foxes are preyed on by coyotes, wolves, and other predators, but their most significant predators are humans, killing them for their fur and nuisance.
Red foxes in North America are genetically distinct and probably merit recognition as a distinct species (Vulpes fulva).
Two natural color variants occur in the red fox as 25% are cross foxes with black stripes down the back and shoulders, and 10% are silver foxes with a silver and black coat.
Red foxes use 28 different vocalizations to communicate nearby and far away, and individuals have voices that can be distinguished.
The red fox is the largest species in the Vulpes genus and can naturally occur in three color variants: red, cross, and silver. As a terrestrial, nocturnal, solitary omnivore, this species is extremely adaptable and can live in several habitats including urban areas. The red fox is highly prized for its fur … Learn More
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