FaunaFocus

Archives

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12977

The body size of the Tasmanian devil varies considerably with diet, habitat, and age, and females tend to be slightly smaller than males.

Advertisements
https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12986

Tasmanian devils are famous for their threatening gape or yawn, but this display is performed more from fear and uncertainty than from aggression.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12997

The Tasmanian devil is an “Endangered” species due to food availability, competition with other devils and quolls, loss of habitat, persecution, vehicle strike, and Devil Facial Tumor Disease.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12998

Tasmanian devils are usually solitary and not territorial, but may interact aggressively over food and follow a hierarchy in captivity.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13007

Tasmanian devils are plagued by Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD), and are one of only seven species in the world that can contract a contagious cancer.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12979

Tasmanian devils usually amble slowly with a characteristic gait but can gallop quickly with both hind feet together.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12984

Although a Tasmanian devil can give birth to up to 40 young, only 4 can survive, with an average of 2-3, because of the limited number of mammae in her pouch.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13000

Tasmanian devils are most numerous in coastal heath and rangeland areas where agricultural practices maintain a constant supply of carrion and also occur in open, dry schlerophyll forest and mixed schlerophyll-rainforest.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13005

The Tasmanian devil makes a variety of fierce noises, from harsh coughs and snarls to high pitched screeches, especially when fighting.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13004

Tasmanian devils are generally nocturnal, but they may be seen sunbathing during the day in quiet areas.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13003

Because Tasmanian devils are marsupials, their young are born as external embryos, just the size of a grain of rice, and must find their way into the mother’s pouch to continue developing.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-13008

Almost all Tasmanian devils are devastated by a lethal, transferrable, cancer-like disease called Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) that grows tumors on the face until the creature starves to death.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12996

The Tasmanian devil got its name after early European settlers heard mysterious, unearthly screams in the wild and referred to it as “The Devil.”

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12994

Tasmanian devils have keen senses of smell, sight, touch, and taste and communicate with a variety of vocalizations and physical cues.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12990

Tasmanian devils are monestrous, mating February-May and giving birth most often in April after a gestation period of 21 days.

https://faunafocus.com/january-2019/#jp-carousel-12992

Currently, Tasmanian devils are found only in Tasmania, although fossil evidence suggests that they once occupied much of the Australian mainland.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12985

The Tasmanian devil is the largest, native, mammalian predator on Tasmania and the world’s largest carnivorous marsupial, and is an important apex predator in Tasmanian ecosystems.

https://faunafocus.com/home/january-2019-tasmanian-devil/#jp-carousel-12981

Tasmanian devils are carnivorous scavengers with powerful jaws and teeth that allow them to eat the bones and fur of carrion.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12682

The record lifespan recorded of the rusty-spotted cat was at the Frankfurt zoo with a cat reaching 18 years of age.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12479

Rusty-spotted cat deaths occur in India due to vehicular slaughter, amounting to 2.8% of all vehicular mammals deaths observed.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12692

The home range of rusty-spotted cats has not been determined, but in a related species of similar size, the iriomote cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), individuals have home ranges of 1.8-3 square km.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12690

The rusty-spotted cat has been described as widespread and new research continues to increase its known range, but its population densities, distribution, and dynamics are poorly known.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12686

Because of its small size, the rusty-spotted cat is preyed on by larger predators, such as jackals, foxes, and other cat species.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12687

Compared to other species, rusty-spotted cats have a relatively restricted and fragmented distribution and only occur in India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12683

Rusty-spotted cats are mostly nocturnal, but zoo observations show that they’re not strictly nocturnal or crepuscular; sexually active individuals are actually more active in the daytime.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12467

Young rusty-spotted cats already have well-developed locomotion abilities when they start to come and go from the den at 28 days of age.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12697

The rusty-spotted cat is fully protected by CITES over most of its range as hunting and trade are prohibited in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, but domestic trade in Sri Lanka is uncontrolled.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12431

At first, young rusty-spotted cats sleep near or on their mother, but as they get older, they sleep on high ledges alone.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12685

Very little is known about the rusty-spotted cat’s reproduction and all the information comes from captive individuals.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12418

The rusty-spotted cat shows tolerance for modified, human-populated, and agricultural areas away from forests because of the large rodent populations found there.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12696

Mother rusty-spotted cats are not known to translocate their young or bring food to them, but males have been observed in zoos protecting the kittens and bringing them meat.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12691

Rusty-spotted cats mainly inhabit dry deciduous forests and prefer dense vegetation and rocky areas, but also reside in semi-arid and tropical climates, such as mixed, moist, tropical thorn, and scrub forests.

https://faunafocus.com/home/december-2018/#jp-carousel-12424

For the first 100 days of development, male rusty-spotted cats are smaller than females, but afterwards have a greater average body weight.