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The entire hawksbill turtle nesting process takes roughly 1-3 hours in which the turtles dig pits, lay their eggs, then cover the nests and return to the sea.

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Only about 1 in 1,000 hawksbill turtles will survive to adulthood because they must scramble to the ocean, directly after hatching, while avoiding predators.

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Hawksbill turtles are believed to be guided inland to their nesting beaches by magnetic fields and the lunar phases and positioning of the moon.

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Hawksbill turtles are primarily spongivorous in the Caribbean, omnivorous in the Indo-Pacific and Great Barrier Reef, and more herbivorous in Australia.

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Hawksbill turtles are preyed on by humans, sharks, crocodiles, large fish, and octopi, and their nests are robbed by dogs, raccoons, rats, and humans.

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Humans have become the hawksbill turtle’s major predator by eating the turtle and its eggs, as well as illegally hunting them to sell their scutes.

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Temperature may determine the sex of hawksbill turtles, as cooler environments hatch more males and warmer nests hatch more females.

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Tortoiseshell, the carapace scutes and plastron of the hawksbill turtle, has been prized and traded since ancient times.

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Researchers tag nesting female hawksbill turtles in order to document population estimates, nest slaughters, and total number of egg clutches.

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Hawksbill turtles have seen an increase in the Caribbean, but protection of the turtle in both terrestrial and marine habitats is still needed throughout much of the world.

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Hawksbill turtles face multiple severe threats including the tortoiseshell trade, Japanese bekko industry, marine fishery mortalities, habitat degradation, and nesting disturbances.

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Because they’re migratory and found internationally, hawksbill turtles lack demographic data and are instead evaluated using population trends and nesting activity.

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The average female hawksbill turtle lays 3-5 egg clutches of 100-140 eggs during a single nesting season, but newly recruited females lay fewer clutches.

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Hawksbill turtle populations continue to decline, especially in southeast Asia, and have decreased more than 80% overall throughout the last 3 generations.

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The hawksbill turtle’s scientific name, “Eretmochelys imbricata” describes the imbricate, overlapping scutes on its carapace that set it apart from other sea turtles.

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The hawksbill turtle is listed as “Critically Endangered” on the IUCN Red List and is banned from international trade as an Appendix 1 species of CITES.

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Female hawksbill turtles return to their natal rookeries to breed, even though they reside at habitats located hundreds or thousands of kilometers away.

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Typically diurnal, except during mating season, solitary hawksbill turtles search for food during the daylight hours.

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Hawksbill turtles have a flattened body shape, flipper-like limbs, and a protective carapace that can change colors based on water temperature.

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Hawksbill turtles can be distinguished from other sea turtles by their extra prefrontal scales, extra forelimb claws, overlapping scutes, and elongated, sharp beaks.

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Hawksbill turtles are long-lived and mature slowly, taking 20-40 years to fully develop and averaging a 20-50 year lifespan.

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In general, hawksbill turtles are found in water no deeper than 18.3 m., or 60 ft., but larger turtles may inhabit deeper sites.

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Hawksbill turtles are omnivorous and feed primarily on sponges, preferring certain species of sponges found in shallow shoals abundant with brown algae.

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The hawksbill turtle gets its name from the elongated, tapered, sharp point at the end of its beak that gives the appearance of a bird’s beak.

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Hawksbill turtles are relatively small sea turtles averaging 65-89 cm. long and 40-75 kg., however nesting females tend to be larger and heavier.

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Virginia opossum are hunted because their meat, fat, and bones are believed to help with inflammation, colitis, gastritis, skin infections, heart attacks, epilepsy, allergies, dermatitis, and coughing.

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Virginia opossums invest little in parental care; males provide no parental care, while females offer moderate care being protective of their pouches, but not of their young, specifically.

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Virginia opossums have short lifespans with females living longer than males and captive ones living longer than wild individuals at 3-4 years compared to 1.5-2 years, but records top 10 years.

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Although it is usually illegal, Virginia opossums are kept as pets, in which they adopt a more diurnal lifestyle, can be litter-trained, and often develop obesity.

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Virginia opossum are born tiny and under-developed with muscular front legs to allow them to climb to their mother’s pouch, however; only about 1 in 3 will survive the trip.

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Virginia opossums are solitary and will show aggression towards each other by “dancing” and lashing their tails while secreting from their dual anal glands.

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After leaving their mother’s pouch, young Virginia opossums stay in the den or ride on her back until weaned around 100 days old, at which time they become independent.

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Although Virginia opossums are important seed dispersers and can carry a variety of internal and external parasites, it is unusual for this species to be a carrier of rabies.