The dhole’s area of occupancy in Asia has significantly declined 50% since 2008.
From the Altai Mountains in Manchuria in Central and Eastern Asia, the dhole’s range spreads southwards through the forest tracts of India, Burma, and the Malayan Archipelago. The dog is found throughout most of northeastern region of India, particularly in the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and West Bengal. They are also found in various regions in the country south of the Ganges River, especially in the Central Indian highlands, and the Eastern and Western Ghats of the southern states of the country.
However, experts believe that the species’ historical range could have included all or most of the Malaysian peninsular as well as the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.
Dholes have disappeared from most of their historical range. Recent population analysis by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)’s Dhole Working Group has revealed that the area of occupancy of this species has significantly declined close to 50% since the last assessment in 2008. Populations are still declining in most areas due to several main threats which include depletion of prey base, habitat loss, persecution due to livestock predation, disease transmission from domestic dogs, and possibly interspecific competition.