FaunaFocus
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Red pandas are arboreal and prefer residing in conifer or fir trees.

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Because of its scarcity, an intensive international breeding program was established for the red panda in more than 30 zoos.

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Red pandas are nocturnal and crepuscular, being most active at dawn, dusk, and night, and are polyphasic, sleeping at multiple times throughout the day.

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Generally, mortality in red pandas is similar to that of other mammals, but is higher in males.

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Structural homologies and functional similarities exist between some vocalizations of the red panda and those of the giant panda, *Ailuropoda*, and Procyonidae.

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In the wild, red pandas use hollow trees, evergreens, or rock crevices as nest sites, but in captivity, they adopt nest boxes, hollow logs, or other artificial dens.

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Temperature influences the red panda's sleeping posture as it maintains a tight curl during cold weather but stretches along branches with legs dangling during hot weather.

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As a result of human encroachment and the unusual biology of bamboos, red pandas may be near extinction in the western sector of their range, especially in Nepal.

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The red panda has little commercial value in live animal and fur trades, but still faces threats by humans.

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Eastern red pandas may be somewhat larger and darker in color than those from western areas.

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The average gestation period of a red panda is 134 days, implying delayed implantation.

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Red panda mating coincides with the winter solstice and occurs in early winter, usually within January and March.

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Red pandas live an average lifespan of 8-10 years in captivity, with a maximum of 14 years.

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The red panda's skull is larger than similar carnivores in order to improve bite pressure.

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There is debate whether the two extant subspecies of red panda should be considered separate species.

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When discovered in 1821, the red panda was the first species to be named "panda," yet the origin of the name is unknown.

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The red panda is the only extant species within the Ailuridae family.

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Red pandas possess extremely robust dentition in contrast with that of similar procyonids.

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The red panda is the only Asian carnivore in which the plantar surface of the foot is completely covered with hair.

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Humans are the tiger's only serious predator, and poaching for illegal trade in high-value tiger products including skins, bones, teeth, claws, meat, and tonics is the tiger's greatest threat.

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The pattern of stripes is unique to each tiger and can be used to identify individuals, much in the same way as fingerprints are used to identify people.

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An analysis of sexual dimorphism suggests that male tigers take larger prey than females.

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Most tigers live in forests or grasslands, for which their camouflage is ideally suited, and where it is easy to hunt prey that is faster or more agile.

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While some hunting occurs in the daytime, tigers are mostly nocturnal, exhibiting activity that coincides with their prey.

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Tigers are one of the only cats that are strong swimmers and enjoy lounging in shaded waters to deal with high temperatures.

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Tigers breed well in captivity, and the captive population in the United States may rival the wild population of the world.

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Tigers are not runners and rarely pursue prey more than 150 meters, but rather, they rely on explosive acceleration.

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The stripe pattern is found on a tiger's skin, as well as on the fur.

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The Indian subcontinent is home to more than 80% of the wild tigers in the world.

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Nine subspecies of the tiger are recognized.

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Tiger cubs are born blind, deaf, and helpless.

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Only Bengal tigers have been found with a white coat, which has far fewer apparent stripes than an orange coat.

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The tiger is the largest and most powerful of all living cat species.