Przewalski’s horse is considered an endangered species and is legally protected in Mongolia, inhabiting almost entirely protected areas.
The Przewalski’s horse population is currently estimated to consist of more than 50 mature individuals free-living in the wild for the past seven years, now qualifying the species for Endangered (EN) assessment on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species under Criterion D.
Przewalski’s horse is listed as Critically Endangered in both the 1987 and 1997 Mongolian Red Books, and in the Regional Red List for Mongolia. It is listed on CITES Appendix I as Equus przewalskii.
Przewalski’s horse is legally protected in Mongolia as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the 2000 Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom and the taxon’s re-introduced range in Mongolia is almost entirely within protected areas.
Hunting Przewalski’s horse has been prohibited since 1930, and the species is listed as Very Rare under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law.