African penguins have a longevity of 10-27 years and live longer in captivity than in the wild.
The average lifespan of the African penguin, or Spheniscus demersus, is 10 to 27 years in the wild, whereas an African penguin living in captivity generally has a longer lifespan.
Other penguin species live for about 15 to 20 years.
Limits to aging are predation, human impact, and storm systems.
• Image | © Shauking, Some Rights Reserved, Pixabay
• Sources | (Crawford, et al., 2001; Pearce, 2011; Shannon & Crawford, 1999)