The main threat of the rusty-spotted cat is habitat loss and deforestation characterized by a decline in natural forest environments and an increase in agricultural areas.
The declining trend of the rusty-spotted cat is due to habitat loss characterized by a decline in natural forest environments and an increase in agricultural areas. The main threat of deforestation is due to the spread of agricultural clearing and large-scale irrigated agriculture, as well as the conversion of habitat into urban areas, industry development, and mining. Moreover, parts of the Central Indian landscape are rapidly converted for establishing solar plants.
Despite the records of rusty-spotted cats from cultivated and settled areas, it is not sure if they can persist long-term in such cultivated landscapes. The occasional predation on poultry makes the rusty spotted cat vulnerable to persecution and it is occasionally killed for food or for the fur trade.
A declining prey base due to overhunting may also negatively affect this cat and hybridization with domestic cats is a possibility in some areas.