The Javan rhinoceros is the most endangered of all rhinos, listed as “Critically Endangered” on the IUCN Red List, and is the rarest large mammal in the world.
The Javan rhinoceros has lost most of its forest habitat over the last century and has been hunted relentlessly for its horn.
The Javan rhinoceros is the most endangered species of the rhinoceros family and probably the rarest large mammal in the world. It is rarely seen as there are approximately 46-67 individuals surviving, only in the Ujung Kulon National Park in west Java, Indonesia.
Javan rhinos are listed as “Critically Endangered” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species because there are fewer than 250 mature individuals, with no subpopulation greater than 50 individuals and the population is experiencing a continuing decline.
It is legally protected in all range states. The species has been on CITES Appendix I since 1975.
• Image | © Nicolas Siregar, All Rights Reserved
• Sources | (Foose & van Strien, 1997; IRF, 2011; van Strien, et al., 2008; Waters, 2000; WWF, 2015)