Although habitat loss and degradation have been factors in Annamite striped rabbit declines, the species’ primary threat is intensive snaring as hundreds of snares can make up several km. of brush-fence-style lines in the rabbits’ range.
Threats to the Annamite striped rabbit are hunting, either by snare or dogs, and habitat loss due to agriculture and logging, which makes it more vulnerable to hunters. The most significant threats are snares and cultivation at lower altitudes and agriculture throughout the rabbit’s range. The least, but increasing, threats are extensive road building which opens undisturbed area to farmers and timber harvesters, dams, and mining.
Although habitat loss and degradation have undoubtedly been factors in Annamite striped rabbit population declines from historical levels, the primary threat to the species is the intensive snaring that occurs across Annamite forests, and which is especially high in northern and central Viet Nam (which areas comprise most of the species known range). It is difficult to convey the intensity of snaring in the Annamites. In many protected areas, hundreds of snares can be collected in a single day’s walk, and elaborate brush-fence-style snare lines can reach several kilometers in length.