September 2017: Tiger

Scientific Name Panthera tigris
Alternate Name Arrow, Cub (Young), Pointed, Sharp, Tigre, Tigress (Female), Whelp (Young)
Collective Name Ambush, Litter (Young), Streak
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Panthera
Asia Forest, Shrubland, Grassland
71-122 cm. 28-48 in. 74-325 kg. 165-716 lb.
1.47-3.38 m. 4.8-11.1 ft. 14-18 yr. 6.5-10 yr. (Generation)
Endangered Solitary Cathemeral
Decreasing Polygynandrous Carnivore
Fore Hind
9 Subspecies
P. t. altaica Amur, Siberian
P. t. amoyensis South China
P. t. balica Bali, Balinese
P. t. corbetti Corbett’s, Indo-Chinese, Indochinese
P. t. jacksoni Malayan
P. t. sondaica Javan
P. t. sumatrae Sumatran
P. t. tigris Bengal
P. t. virgata Caspian, Culo, Hyrcanian, Turan

The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest member of the Felidae family, categorized within the Carnivora order under the higher Mammalia class. They are most recognizable for their dark vertical stripes which help in camouflage efforts as they stalk their prey within thick vegetation. Listed as “Endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with a population of mature individuals at fewer than 2,500 individuals, tigers often face conflict with humans.

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