Aardwolf Trivia

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Do you think you know the aardwolf? Test your knowledge of aardwolf FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Click on an answer choice to receive instant feedback. Red answers are incorrect, but allow you to continue guessing. Green answers are correct and will provide additional explanatory information. Sometimes more than one answer is correct!

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What is the scientific name of the aardwolf?
Proteles cristata
The aardwolf’s scientific name, Proteles cristata, orginates from Greek and Latin and refers to the five digits on its forepaws and its long, dorsal crest.
Crocuta crocuta
Hyaena hyaena
Parahyaena brunnea
What is the aardwolf’s diet?
Carnivorous
As a carnivore, the aardwolf’s favorite food is insects, especially termites, which it helps to control.
Herbivorous
Omnivorous
The salivary glands of the aardwolf are how much larger than those of a dog?
2x
The mandibular salivary glands of the aardwolf are twice the size of the glands of a similar-sized dog.
3x
5x
10x

What are aardwolves listed as on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species?
Least Concern
The aardwolf is listed as “Least Concern” with a stable population trend on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.
Near Threatened
Vulnerable
Endangered

The aardwolf is one of how many species that feed exclusively on termites?
18
Despite its relatedness to the hyaenids, the aardwolf is one of only 18 species of the over 4,000 living mammal species that feed exclusively on termites and is one of the few true mammalian myrmecophages.
6
12
24
Male aardwolves help in rearing the young by guarding the den against black-backed jackals.
True
Male aardwolves help in rearing the young by guarding the den against black-backed jackals. Guarding the den from black-backed jackals is necessary for aardwolf cub survival, but is energetically costly to the male. Thus, males could not be expected to guard cubs unless some are his offspring.
False
The aardwolf is a myrmecophage because it feeds exclusively on what?
Termites
The aardwolf feeds exclusively on termites and is one of the few true mammalian myrmecophages.
Carrion
Eggs
Fruit
What is a group of aardwolves called?
Cackle
A group of aardwolves is called a cackle or clan.
Clan
A group of aardwolves is called a cackle or clan.
Pride
Pack

What is the population trend of the aardwolf?
Stable
The aardwolf is listed as “Least Concern” with a stable population trend on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.
Increasing
Decreasing
Unknown

Aardwolves can be lured with scent-markings of other aardwolves.
True
Aardwolves cannot be caught with food-baited traps, but may be lured with scent-marks of other aardwolves.
False
How do aardwolves forage?
Alone
Aardwolves are solitary foragers, except when accompanying their young cubs. Even within mated pairs, individual aardwolves forage away from one another. The un-weaned young are the only individuals that will be tolerated to accompany an adult when foraging, but even 4-month-old cubs spend most of the night foraging alone.
In Pairs
In Groups
When does an aardwolf erect its mane?
Chasing
The aardwolf has a black mane extending from head to tail which it erects when threatened to appear larger. During fights and chases, the aardwolf’s mane is fully erected. If only slightly disturbed, the aardwolf just fluffs out the hairs of the tail. This is frequently seen in cubs while playing.
Fighting
The aardwolf has a black mane extending from head to tail which it erects when threatened to appear larger. During fights and chases, the aardwolf’s mane is fully erected. If only slightly disturbed, the aardwolf just fluffs out the hairs of the tail. This is frequently seen in cubs while playing.
Playing
The aardwolf has a black mane extending from head to tail which it erects when threatened to appear larger. During fights and chases, the aardwolf’s mane is fully erected. If only slightly disturbed, the aardwolf just fluffs out the hairs of the tail. This is frequently seen in cubs while playing.
Foraging
Aardwolf cubs are raised in dens, often abandoned ones from which animals?
Aardvarks
Aardwolf cubs are raised in dens, often old aardvark, porcupine, or springhare burrows.
Porcupines
Aardwolf cubs are raised in dens, often old aardvark, porcupine, or springhare burrows.
Springhares
Aardwolf cubs are raised in dens, often old aardvark, porcupine, or springhare burrows.
Pangolins
Although aardwolves are socially monogamous, what is their genetic mating system?
Polygyny
Although aardwolves are socially monogamous and often live together in pairs, they’re genetically polygynous and mating is not necessarily exclusive. Mated aardwolf pairs occupy the same perennial territory together with their most recent offspring, but copulations are not necessarily exclusive within the pair. Extra-pair copulations regularly occur between the most aggressive males and females of less aggressive neighbors in a polygynous fashion.
Monogamy
Polyandry
Polygynandry
What is the aardwolf’s rhythm?
Nocturnal
The aardwolf is primarily nocturnal as its activity is determined by the activity of the termites it eats.
Diurnal
Crepuscular
Cathemeral
How many termites can an aardwolf consume in a night?
300,000
A single aardwolf can consume as many as 300,000 termites in a single night and up to 105,000,000 within a year.
3,000
30,000
3,000,000
What is aardwolf scent-marking called?
Pasting
Both sexes of the aardwolf scent-mark their territories, a behavior sometimes called pasting.
Gluing
Plastering
Smearing
The noxious secretions of soldier termites are toxic to aardwolves.
False
The aardwolf is tolerant of the noxious secretions of the soldier termites it feeds on.
True
What is the aardwolf’s greatest natural enemy?
Black-Backed Jackal
The black-backed jackal is the aardwolf’s greatest natural enemy. Aardwolves frequently have aggressive territorial disputes with the canines and chase the jackals from their breeding dens.
African Wild Dog
Spotted Hyaena
Lion
Aardwolves kill livestock.
False
Aardwolves cannot kill livestock, yet many are killed by fearful farmers each year.
True
Aardwolves generally remain in their natal territory.
False
At about 1-year old, when the next year’s cubs have emerged from the den, aardwolf offspring start making excursions into neighboring territories. Once they have finally left, they seldom return, becoming transients in search of vacant territories elsewhere in the region.
True
The aardwolf is smaller than all other hyenas.
True
At 45-50cm (18-20in) tall and 85-105cm (33-41in) long, the aardwolf is the smallest of the hyena species and is significantly smaller than all other hyenas.
False
The aardwolf has very small ears and eyes for its size.
False
The aardwolf has very large ears and eyes for its size, adapted for its nocturnal lifestyle.
True
The aardwolf’s salivary glands provide oral protection from the terpene secretions of termites, as in which other animal?
Elephant Shrew
The mucous secretions of the aardwolf’s salivary glands could provide protection for the oral cavity and oesophagous from the termites’ terpene secretions, as has been speculated to be the case in myrmecophagous elephant shrews.
Aardvark
Anteater
Hyrax
What type of carnivore is the aardwolf considered?
Insectivore
As an insectivorous carnivore, the aardwolf’s favorite food is insects, especially termites, which it helps to control.
Piscivore
Obligate Carnivore
Sanguinivore
Aardwolves are socially monogamous and family-oriented, with males and females living together in a territory.
True
Aardwolves are socially monogamous and family oriented, with males and females living together in a territory. Mated aardwolf pairs generally occupy the same perennial territory together with their most recent offspring.
False
How many digits does an aardwolf have on its forepaws?
5
Unlike other members of the Hyaenidae family, aardwolves have five digits on their front feet and four on their hind feet.
3
4
6
Is there sexual dimorphism in the body size of the aardwolf?
No.
There is no sexual dimorphism in the body size of the aardwolf; both male and the female aardwolves are roughly the same size with no striking differences.
Yes, males are larger.
Yes, females are larger.
Aardwolves are endemic to which continent?
Africa
Aardwolves are endemic to the continent of Africa and can be found in two separate populations, one in the South and another in the Northeast.
Asia
Australia
Europe
The aardwolf superficially resembles which hyena?
Striped Hyaena
The aardwolf superficially resembles the striped hyaena, but it’s less than half the size and its stripes are much more regular.
Spotted Hyaena
Brown Hyaena
Cave Hyaena
The coarse hairs of the aardwolf’s dorsal crest are the longest of all carnivores.
True
The coarse hairs of the aardwolf’s dorsal crest are the longest of all carnivores and stand at about 20cm (8in) on the shoulders.
False
Like other hyenas, aardwolves have a powerful dentition and are able to crush large bones.
False
Whereas hyenas have a powerful dentition and are able to crush large bones, the aardwolf has a slender skull with strong jaws and canine teeth, but the cheekteeth are reduced to small, widely spaced and irregularly numbered redundant pegs.
True
Aardwolves are smaller than jackals and foxes.
False
At 45-50cm (18-20in) tall and 85-105cm (33-41in) long, the aardwolf is slightly larger than a jackal or a fox.
True
The aardwolf is most related to which animals?
Hyaenids
The aardwolf is categorized in the Hyaenidae family and is thus related to hyaenids.
Euplerids
Herpestids
Mustelids
How many separate populations, and thus subspecies, of aardwolves are there?
2
There are two separate populations separated into two different subspecies, of aardwolves, one located in southern Africa and the other in northeastern Africa. The southern population of aardwolves, Proteles cristata cristata, ranges over most of southern Africa, extending into the countries of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, southern Zambia, and southwestern Mozambique. 1,500 kilometers away, a northern population, Proteles cristata septentrionalis, ranges from central Tanzania through northeastern Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, along the coast of Ethiopia and Sudan, and the southeastern tip of Egypt.
3
4
5
“Aardwolf” translates to what?
Earth Wolf
The aardwolf’s common name means “earth-wolf” in Afrikaans and Dutch.
Civet Wolf
Hyena Wolf
Maned Wolf
Which sex of aardwolves scent-marks the most?
Male
Both sexes of aardwolves scent-mark, although males mark more frequently than females, pasting on average more than two times per 100 meters.
Female
In which habitats do aardwolves reside?
Grassland
Aardwolves are endemic to the continent of Africa and are found in grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.
Shrubland
Aardwolves are endemic to the continent of Africa and are found in grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.
Savanna
Aardwolves are endemic to the continent of Africa and are found in grasslands, savannas, and shrublands.
Forest
Aardwolves can be caught with food-baited traps.
False
Aardwolves cannot be caught with food-baited traps, but may be lured with scent-marks of other aardwolves.
True
How do aardwolves capture their termite prey from their mounds?
Lick them Up
Unlike most other ant- or termite-eating mammals, which have to dig to access their prey, the aardwolf licks termites from the soil surface using its broad, sticky tongue.
Dig them Out
Aardwolves have aggressive territorial disputes.
True
Aardwolves frequently have aggressive territorial disputes with black-backed jackals, their greatest natural enemy, and chase the jackals from their breeding dens.
False
What kills aardwolves?
Farmers
Aardwolves cannot kill livestock, yet many are killed by fearful farmers each year. Some farmers believe aardwolves prey on their lambs and shoot them at every opportunity. Aardwolves are also killed indirectly through insecticide spraying. More aardwolves are probably killed indiscriminately by packs of dogs used to hunt jackals and foxes.
Packs of Dogs
Aardwolves cannot kill livestock, yet many are killed by fearful farmers each year. Some farmers believe aardwolves prey on their lambs and shoot them at every opportunity. Aardwolves are also killed indirectly through insecticide spraying. More aardwolves are probably killed indiscriminately by packs of dogs used to hunt jackals and foxes.
Insecticides
Aardwolves cannot kill livestock, yet many are killed by fearful farmers each year. Some farmers believe aardwolves prey on their lambs and shoot them at every opportunity. Aardwolves are also killed indirectly through insecticide spraying. More aardwolves are probably killed indiscriminately by packs of dogs used to hunt jackals and foxes.
Termite Secretions
The aardwolf is nocturnal because of the activity of the termites it eats.
True
The aardwolf is primarily nocturnal as its activity is determined by the activity of the termites it eats.
False
Aardwolves feed primarily on which type of termite?
Harvester
Aardwolves feed primarily on nasute harvester termites, mainly on Trinervitermes bettonianus in East Africa, Trinervitermes rhodesiensis in Zimbabwe and Botswana, and Trinervitermes trinervoides in South Africa.
Dampwood
Darwin
Drywood
Aardwolves use their canines for fighting.
True
The use of the aardwolf’s canines for fighting is clearly reflected in their wear, as in old animals they are broken down to rounded stumps.
False
Which are subspecies of the aardwolf?
Proteles cristata cristata
There are two separate populations separated into two different subspecies, of aardwolves, one located in southern Africa and the other in northeastern Africa. The southern population of aardwolves, Proteles cristata cristata, ranges over most of southern Africa, extending into the countries of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, southern Zambia, and southwestern Mozambique. 1,500 kilometers away, a northern population, Proteles cristata septentrionalis, ranges from central Tanzania through northeastern Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, along the coast of Ethiopia and Sudan, and the southeastern tip of Egypt.
Proteles cristata septentrionalis
There are two separate populations separated into two different subspecies, of aardwolves, one located in southern Africa and the other in northeastern Africa. The southern population of aardwolves, Proteles cristata cristata, ranges over most of southern Africa, extending into the countries of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, southern Zambia, and southwestern Mozambique. 1,500 kilometers away, a northern population, Proteles cristata septentrionalis, ranges from central Tanzania through northeastern Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, along the coast of Ethiopia and Sudan, and the southeastern tip of Egypt.
Proteles cristata hyaena
Proteles cristata crocuta
If an aardwolf parent dies, a cub of the same sex usually remains in its natal territory.
True
At about 1-year old, when the next year’s cubs have emerged from the den, aardwolf offspring start making excursions into neighboring territories. Once they have finally left, they seldom return, becoming transients in search of vacant territories elsewhere in the region. If an aardwolf parent dies, however, a cub of the same sex usually remains in its natal territory.
False
The aardwolf’s scientific name is derived from which of its prominent features?
Mane
The aardwolf’s scientific name is “Proteles cristata”. “Proteles” comes from two words, both of Greek origin, “protos” and “teleos” which combined means “complete in front” based on the fact that the aardwolf has five toes on its front feet and four on the rear, unlike other members of the Hyaenidae family. The specific name, “cristatus”, comes from Latin and means “provided with a comb”, relating to the aardwolf’s long mane.
Paws
The aardwolf’s scientific name is Proteles cristata. Proteles comes from two words, both of Greek origin, protos and teleos which combined means complete in front based on the fact that the aardwolf has five toes on its front feet and four on the rear, unlike other members of the Hyaenidae family. The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to the aardwolf’s long mane.
Stripes
Tongue
What is the record lifespan for an aardwolf?
18
The record lifespan for an aardwolf is 18 years 11 months. The oldest aardwolf was kept in captivity at the Frankfurt Zoo.
8
28
48
What are alternative names for the aardwolf?
Earth Wolf
The aardwolf’s common name means “earth-wolf” in Afrikaans and Dutch. It is also called “maanhaar-jackal”, Afrikaans for “mane-jackal”, or “civet hyena”, based on its habit of secreting substances from its anal gland, a characteristic shared with the African civet.
Civet Hyena
The aardwolf’s common name means “earth-wolf” in Afrikaans and Dutch. It is also called “maanhaar-jackal”, Afrikaans for “mane-jackal”, or “civet hyena”, based on its habit of secreting substances from its anal gland, a characteristic shared with the African civet.
Maned Jackal
The aardwolf’s common name means “earth-wolf” in Afrikaans and Dutch. It is also called “maanhaar-jackal”, Afrikaans for “mane-jackal”, or “civet hyena”, based on its habit of secreting substances from its anal gland, a characteristic shared with the African civet.
Gray Wild Dog
The aardwolf is considered an indicator species for the Somalia-Kalahari semidesert axis.
True
The aardwolf is considered one of the indicator species for the Somalia-Kalahari semidesert axis. The aardwolf’s distribution in the Somalia-Kalahari semidesert axis of Africa appears to be related to the area’s ancient climatic history, as these two areas were joined in drier periods. They are now separated by wetter woodlands in Zambia.
False

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Learn More About the Aardwolf | Play on Quizizz

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