Bearded vultures have declined 25-29% over the past 3 generations, except in northern Spain, due to poisoning, habitat degradation, and disturbance of breeding sites.
Population densities of bearded vultures are very low, as they can occupy massive ranges.
In all three continents that they reside in, Africa, Asia, and Europe, the range of bearded vultures has decreased tremendously, particularly in Europe. The bearded vulture population is declining throughout its range, with the exception of northern Spain, where the population has increased since 1986. Overall, it is suspected that the population has declined by 25-29% over the past three generations. Within Europe, the population is estimated to be decreasing by at least 10% in 53.4 years, or three generations.
Poisoning of baits set for carnivores, both accidental and targeted, as well as habitat degradation, disturbance of breeding sites and collision with power lines are considered to be the main threats.