Rusty-Spotted Cat Trivia

Rusty-Spotted Cat

Do you think you know the rusty-spotted cat? Test your knowledge of rusty-spotted cat FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Click on an answer choice to receive instant feedback. Red answers are incorrect, but allow you to continue guessing. Green answers are correct and will provide additional explanatory information. Sometimes more than one answer is correct!

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What are rusty-spotted cats listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species?
Near Threatened
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species, rusty-spotted cats are classified as “Near Threatened”.
Least Concern
Vulnerable
Endangered

What is the rusty-spotted cat’s diet?
Omnivorous
The diet of the rusty-spotted cat has not been properly documented, but it’s known to be a mostly carnivorous omnivore.
Herbivorous
Carnivorous

What threatens the rusty-spotted cat?
Persecution
The main threat of deforestation is due to the spread of agricultural clearing and large-scale irrigated agriculture, as well as the conversion of habitat into urban areas, industry development, and mining. The occasional predation on poultry makes the rusty-spotted cat vulnerable to persecution and it is occasionally killed for food or for the fur trade.
Deforestation
The main threat of deforestation is due to the spread of agricultural clearing and large-scale irrigated agriculture, as well as the conversion of habitat into urban areas, industry development, and mining. The occasional predation on poultry makes the rusty-spotted cat vulnerable to persecution and it is occasionally killed for food or for the fur trade.
Agriculture
The main threat of deforestation is due to the spread of agricultural clearing and large-scale irrigated agriculture, as well as the conversion of habitat into urban areas, industry development, and mining. The occasional predation on poultry makes the rusty-spotted cat vulnerable to persecution and it is occasionally killed for food or for the fur trade.
Mining
The main threat of deforestation is due to the spread of agricultural clearing and large-scale irrigated agriculture, as well as the conversion of habitat into urban areas, industry development, and mining. The occasional predation on poultry makes the rusty-spotted cat vulnerable to persecution and it is occasionally killed for food or for the fur trade.

What is the record lifespan of the rusty-spotted cat?
18 Years
The longest lifespan recorded of the rusty-spotted cat was at the Frankfurt zoo with a cat reaching 18 years of age.
8 Years
12 Years
25 Years

Rusty-spotted cats are vulnerable to vehicular slaughter.
True
At least in India, rusty-spotted cat deaths have occurred because the species is vulnerable to vehicular slaughter. However, the economic impact and number of cat deaths are minimal at only 2.8% occurrence of all vehicular mammal deaths observed.
False

What is not clearly known of the rusty-spotted cat?
Distribution
There is little information available on the behavior and the ecology of the rusty-spotted cat. Very little is known about the cat’s reproduction. The population densities and dynamics are only poorly known and its exact distribution is not yet clear.
Reproduction
There is little information available on the behavior and the ecology of the rusty-spotted cat. Very little is known about the cat’s reproduction. The population densities and dynamics are only poorly known and its exact distribution is not yet clear.
Ecology
There is little information available on the behavior and the ecology of the rusty-spotted cat. Very little is known about the cat’s reproduction. The population densities and dynamics are only poorly known and its exact distribution is not yet clear.
Behavior
There is little information available on the behavior and the ecology of the rusty-spotted cat. Very little is known about the cat’s reproduction. The population densities and dynamics are only poorly known and its exact distribution is not yet clear.

What preys on the rusty-spotted cat?
Cats
The rusty-spotted cat has many predators such as jackals, foxes, and other cat species which may occasionally kill it.
Foxes
The rusty-spotted cat has many predators such as jackals, foxes, and other cat species which may occasionally kill it.
Jackals
The rusty-spotted cat has many predators such as jackals, foxes, and other cat species which may occasionally kill it.
Mongooses

To what continent is the rusty-spotted cat endemic?
Asia
Rusty-spotted cats are endemic to southern Asia.
Africa
South America
Australia

The rusty-spotted cat is a social animal and lives in small groups.
False
The rusty-spotted cat is a solitary animal and lives alone.
True

In what countries does the rusty-spotted cat reside?
India
Rusty-spotted cats only occur in India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.
Nepal
Rusty-spotted cats only occur in India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.
Sri Lanka
Rusty-spotted cats only occur in India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.
Pakistan

What is the rusty-spotted cat’s rhythm?
Nocturnal
When rusty-spotted cats were first brought to the Frankfurt Zoo, they were presumed to be nocturnal because most sightings had been at night or at early dawn and late evening. They were then placed in a nocturnal environment in the zoo, but after monitoring the behavior of the cats, it was shown that the species may not be strictly nocturnal or crepuscular.
Diurnal
Crepuscular
Cathemeral

The rusty-spotted cat is protected by CITES.
True
The rusty-spotted cat population occurring in India is included into the Appendix I of CITES and the population of Sri Lanka and Nepal in Appendix II of CITES.
False

When do young rusty-spotted cats begin emerging from the birth site?
1 Month
Young rusty-spotted cats start to come and go from the birth site between 28 and 32 days.
2 Weeks
1 Week
2 Months

When young rusty-spotted cats emerge from the den, they have poor locomotion abilities.
False
When the young emerge, they already have well-developed locomotion abilities, as reflected in their climbing onto and jumping down from wooden posts in the Frankfurt Zoo.
True

Domestic trade of the rusty-spotted cat in Sri Lanka is controlled.
False
Domestic trade in Sri Lanka is uncontrolled.
True

Young rusty-spotted cats sleep near or on their mother, but as they get older, they sleep on high ledges alone.
True
At first, the young sleep near or on their mother, retreating to where the mother lies down after her activity period, but as they get older, they sleep on high ledges alone.
False

All information about the rusty-spotted cats reproduction comes from captive individuals.
True
Very little is known about the rusty-spotted cat’s reproduction and all the information comes from captive individuals.
False

The mating system of rusty-spotted cats has been explicitly studied.
False
The mating system of rusty-spotted cats has not been explicitly studied.
True

The rusty-spotted cat shows some tolerance for modified habitat.
True
The rusty-spotted cat shows some tolerance for modified habitat and has been found in the midst of agricultural and settled areas. However, large stretches of irrigated agriculture could limit their distribution.
False

Rusty-spotted cats mate year-round.
True
Rusty-spotted cats mate year-round.
False

How do mother rusty-spotted cats care for their young?
Removing Feces
Mother rusty-spotted cats are not known to translocate their young or to carry food to them, but will, at least initially, remove their feces from the den. Between 35 and 42 days of age, weaning starts and was still observed up to day 60.
Suckling
Mother rusty-spotted cats are not known to translocate their young or to carry food to them, but will, at least initially, remove their feces from the den. Between 35 and 42 days of age, weaning starts and was still observed up to day 60.
Bringing Food
Translocation from Dens

What habitats do rusty-spotted cats inhabit?
Desert
Rusty-spotted cats mainly inhabit deserts, savannas, grassland, shrubland, forest, and artificial terrestrial habitats.
Savanna
Rusty-spotted cats mainly inhabit deserts, savannas, grassland, shrubland, forest, and artificial terrestrial habitats.
Forest
Rusty-spotted cats mainly inhabit deserts, savannas, grassland, shrubland, forest, and artificial terrestrial habitats.
Artificial Terrestrial
Rusty-spotted cats mainly inhabit deserts, savannas, grassland, shrubland, forest, and artificial terrestrial habitats.

Rusty-spotted cats exhibit sexual dimorphism.
True, Males are Larger
Male rusty-spotted cats generally have a greater average body weight than females.
True Females are Larger
False

The lack of knowledge about the rusty-spotted cat’s status and distribution may hinder its effective conservation.
True
The lack of knowledge about the rusty-spotted cat’s status and distribution may hinder its effective conservation.
False

Where do rusty-spotted cats nest?
Hollow Trees
In Sri Lanka, female rusty-spotted cats were observed to give birth in hollow trees or under rock cliffs. Females with kittens have also been found denning in a tea plantation in Sri Lanka and in the attics of houses in southern India surrounded by paddy fields and coconut plantations. In West Maharashtra, rusty-spotted cat cubs were found in sugarcane fields during harvest.
Under Rock Cliffs
In Sri Lanka, female rusty-spotted cats were observed to give birth in hollow trees or under rock cliffs. Females with kittens have also been found denning in a tea plantation in Sri Lanka and in the attics of houses in southern India surrounded by paddy fields and coconut plantations. In West Maharashtra, rusty-spotted cat cubs were found in sugarcane fields during harvest.
Fields
In Sri Lanka, female rusty-spotted cats were observed to give birth in hollow trees or under rock cliffs. Females with kittens have also been found denning in a tea plantation in Sri Lanka and in the attics of houses in southern India surrounded by paddy fields and coconut plantations. In West Maharashtra, rusty-spotted cat cubs were found in sugarcane fields during harvest.
Attics
In Sri Lanka, female rusty-spotted cats were observed to give birth in hollow trees or under rock cliffs. Females with kittens have also been found denning in a tea plantation in Sri Lanka and in the attics of houses in southern India surrounded by paddy fields and coconut plantations. In West Maharashtra, rusty-spotted cat cubs were found in sugarcane fields during harvest.

What is the population trend of the rusty-spotted cat?
Decreasing
The declining trend is due to habitat loss characterized by a decline in natural forest environments and an increase in agricultural areas.
Increasing
Stable
Unknown

How many rusty-spotted cats are estimated to remain?
10,000
Rusty-spotted cats have an estimated combined population total in India and Sri Lanka of under 10,000 mature individuals. There is no subpopulation with more than 1,000 breeding individuals.
100
1,000
100,000

Zoos have been crucial to rusty-spotted cat observation and conservation.
True
The West Berlin Zoo and Frankfurt Zoo, both located in Germany, have been crucial to rusty-spotted cat observation and conservation. The zoos have provided information on the rusty-spotted cat’s lifespan and longevity, mating system, paternal care, nesting preference, development and growth, aggression, behavior, and diet
False

How do rusty-spotted cats benefit the ecosystem?
Seed Dispersal
If individuals in the wild eat fruits, as is observed in the zoo setting, then rusty-spotted cats might benefit plants through the distribution of their seeds in fecal matter. They also likely play a role in controlling populations of small vertebrates.
Prey Population Control
If individuals in the wild eat fruits, as is observed in the zoo setting, then rusty-spotted cats might benefit plants through the distribution of their seeds in fecal matter. They also likely play a role in controlling populations of small vertebrates.
Disease Prevention
Forest Regeneration

The mating activity of the rusty-spotted cat increases its vulnerabilities to predators.
True
It is speculated that rusty-spotted cat mating activity could increase their vulnerability, selecting for brief copulations.
False

Play is crucial to locomotion development in the rusty-spotted cat.
True
Play has been observed between rusty-spotted cat siblings and between the young and mother, which appears crucial to locomotion development. Most interactions between the mother and young are play-oriented.
False

What is the main threat of the rusty-spotted cat?
Habitat Loss
The declining trend of the rusty-spotted cat is due to habitat loss characterized by a decline in natural forest environments and an increase in agricultural areas.
Food Availability
Persecution
Hunting

What is the average litter size of the rusty-spotted cat?
1-3
The gestation period of the rusty-spotted cat lasts between 65 to 79 days and each litter has from 1 to 3 offspring.
3-6
6-9
9-12

Hunting and trade of the rusty-spotted cat is prohibited.
True
The rusty-spotted cat is fully protected over most of its range as hunting and trade are prohibited in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
False

How long can rusty-spotted cat suckling last?
2 Months
Suckling was still observed up to day 60.
1 Month
6 Months
12 Months

Sexually active rusty-spotted cats are more active during daylight hours.
True
Sexually active animals are more active during daylight hours.
False

When does the rusty-spotted cat begin to eat meat?
40 Days
The young start to eat meat at around 40 days of age, but suckling was still observed up to day 60.
10 Days
20 Days
30 Days

The rusty-spotted cat is considered terrestrial, but has arboreal tendencies.
True
The rusty-spotted cat is considered terrestrial, but has arboreal tendencies. It is described as a very active and agile feline and as a good climber. It is frequently seen in trees and was observed pouncing down from tree branches when hunting prey. However, it probably hunts mainly on the ground. When the rusty-spotted cat is threatened it flees into the trees or takes shelter in gaps of big boulders, stones, or even caves.
False

How do father rusty-spotted cats care for their young?
Guarding The Den
In zoos, rusty-spotted cat males have been allowed to stay with females after mating and after the birth of kittens. The West Berlin Zoo recorded a male protecting young from zoo keepers and bringing meat to the kittens.
Bringing Food
In zoos, rusty-spotted cat males have been allowed to stay with females after mating and after the birth of kittens. The West Berlin Zoo recorded a male protecting young from zoo keepers and bringing meat to the kittens.
Translocation from Dens
Removing Feces

What does the rusty-spotted cat eat?
Fruit
An adult rusty-spotted cat in the Frankfurt Zoo is fed a daily diet consisting of beef muscles in large chunks and small strips, beef heart, two-day-old chicks, one mouse, and 2.5 grams of carrot, apple, boiled egg, and cooked rice.
Vegetables
An adult rusty-spotted cat in the Frankfurt Zoo is fed a daily diet consisting of beef muscles in large chunks and small strips, beef heart, two-day-old chicks, one mouse, and 2.5 grams of carrot, apple, boiled egg, and cooked rice.
Meat
An adult rusty-spotted cat in the Frankfurt Zoo is fed a daily diet consisting of beef muscles in large chunks and small strips, beef heart, two-day-old chicks, one mouse, and 2.5 grams of carrot, apple, boiled egg, and cooked rice.
Eggs
An adult rusty-spotted cat in the Frankfurt Zoo is fed a daily diet consisting of beef muscles in large chunks and small strips, beef heart, two-day-old chicks, one mouse, and 2.5 grams of carrot, apple, boiled egg, and cooked rice.

Rusty-spotted cats have a restricted and fragmented distribution.
True
Compared to other species, rusty-spotted cats have a relatively restricted distribution. The cat’s prime habitat is found in three broad regions in India, which indicates a fragmented population. The species was originally thought to occur only in the southern part of India, but records are now known from across the country.
False

When are rusty-spotted cats usually born?
July-October
Data indicates that 50% of young are born between July and October, which is not enough to consider rusty-spotted cats seasonal breeders.
October-January
January-April
April-July

For their first 100 days, male rusty-spotted cats are smaller than females, but afterwards, they’re larger.
True
For about the first 100 days of development, males are smaller in size than females, but after that time, males have a greater average body weight.
False

Both male and female rusty-spotted cats spray urine for scent-marking.
True
Communications between rusty-spotted cats are scent-oriented. Both males and females spray urine for scent-marking.
False

The rusty-spotted cat’s relatively large, expansive eyes are an adaptation to its nocturnal behavior.
True
The head and ears of the rusty-spotted cat are small and rounded and they have relatively large eyes for their size. The rusty-spotted cat’s expansive eyes may be an adaptation to its nocturnal behavior.
False

How does the coat of the Sri Lankan rusty-spotted cat vary from the Indian rusty-spotted cat?
Less Gray
The coat of the Sri Lankan subspecies (Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi) is less gray and has more of a russet color.
Darker
Lighter
More Spots

As in other small cats, rusty-spotted cat mating includes a nape bite and straddling.
True
Explanation
False

How many subspecies of the rusty-spotted cat are recognized?
3
3 subspecies of the rusty-spotted cat are recognised: Prionailurus rubiginosus rubiginosus in India and Nepal, Prionailurus rubiginosus phillipsi in the Wet forest zone of Sri Lanka, and Prionailurus rubiginosus koladivius in the lowland dry zone of Sri Lanka.
0
5
10

Rusty-spotted cats prefer nesting at higher levels.
False
Females in the Frankfurt Zoo repeatedly chose birthing spots that were on the ground. Birthing boxes were offered in both low- and higher-level areas, but the lower boxes were used.
True

The rusty-spotted cat is the smallest cat species.
True
The rusty-spotted cat is considered the smallest cat species.
False

What allows rusty-spotted cats to adapt to agricultural and settled areas?
Large Rodent Populations
The rusty-spotted cat, along with other small cat species in the oriental region, may be surviving in agricultural areas because of their high numbers and the availability of large rodent populations.
Sheltered Nesting Areas
Shelter from Predators
Large Livestock Populations

How does the rusty-spotted cat compare to the size of a domestic cat?
Half the Size
The rusty-spotted cat is about half the size of a domestic cat.
Twice the Size
About the Same Size
Quarter the Size

The rusty-spotted cat fares well in captivity.
False
The rusty-spotted cat does not fare well in captivity and only a few are held in zoos outside its natural distribution.
True

How much did you know about the rusty-spotted cat? Share your results in the comments!

Learn More About the Rusty-Spotted Cat

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