Koala Trivia

Do you think you know the koala? Test your knowledge of koala FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Click on an answer choice to receive instant feedback. Red answers are incorrect, but allow you to continue guessing. Green answers are correct and will provide additional explanatory information. Sometimes more than one answer is correct!

Learn More About the Koala | Play on Quizizz


Which sex of koala has a pouch?
Female
Female koalas have two mammae; and rather than a chest gland, have a pouch that opens to the rear and extends upward and forward.
Male
Both, Male & Female
None

Which koalas are largest?
Southern
Koalas from the southern end of the range are generally larger in size than their northern counterparts.
Northern
Eastern
Western

Which habitats do koalas inhabit?
Forest
Koalas inhabit temperate and subtropical/tropical dry forests and dry savanna habitats.
Savanna
Koalas inhabit temperate and subtropical/tropical dry forests and dry savanna habitats.
Shrubland
Grassland

What is the koala’s average lifespan?
10-15 Years
Koalas may live past 10 years in the wild, and there have been reports of lifespans over 20 years in captivity. In the wild, longevity of 12 for males to 15 years for females has been reported.
5-10 Years
15-20 Years
1-5 Years

What is a young koala called?
Joey
A young koala is called a “joey”.
Cub
Pup
Calf

What system does the koala occupy?
Arboreal
Koalas are completely arboreal, remaining mostly in the branches of eucalyptus trees where they are able to feed and stay out of reach of their predators.
Fossorial
Terrestrial
Aquatic

Which sex of koala uses loud, bellowing calls?
Male
During the breeding season, male koalas use loud, bellowing calls that consist of a series of harsh inhalations each followed by a resonant, growling expiration. The only vocalization generally heard from females and sub-adult males is a harsh, wailing distress call given when harassed by adult males.
Female
None
Both, Male & Female

How many koalas are born in an average litter?
1
Litters generally consist of only one young, but twins have been reported.
2-3
3-5
5-10

What is the koala’s gestation period?
1 Month
The gestation period is 25-35 days.
6 Months
2 Weeks
3 Months

What is the koala’s social system?
Solitary
The koala is primarily a solitary animal and outside of the breeding season, there is little obvious social behavior. Sometimes, koalas lives in small harems led by a single male.
Social
Social Males, Solitary Females
Solitary Males, Social Females

What is the koala’s diet?
Herbivorous
Koalas are herbivorous, feeding on both eucalypt and non-eucalypt species.
Carnivorous
Omnivorous
Unknown

What is the koala’s mating system?
Polygynous
Koalas are polygynous and breed seasonally. During the breeding season, adult males are very active at night and move constantly through their range, both ejecting male rivals and mating with any receptive females.
Polygynandrous
Polyandrous
Monogamous

To what continent is the koala endemic?
Australia
The koala is endemic to Australia.
Asia
Africa
South America

What type of herbivorous diet does the koala have?
Folivorous
Koalas are folivorous, feeding on both eucalypt and non-eucalypt species.
Frugivorous
Nectivorous
Granivorous

What is the koala’s evaluation on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species?
Vulnerable
The koala is evaluated as “Vulnerable” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species. The IUCN considers that the conservation status of the koala is border-line between Near Threatened and Vulnerable, but adopts a precautionary assessment given the proximity of the estimated current and projected rate of decline to the threshold, and published assessments of the likelihood of additional and compound impacts due to climate change.
Least Concern
Near Threatened
Endangered

To what does the koala’s common name translate?
No Water
The word koala comes from the Dharug gula, meaning no water.
Pouch
Bear
Ash-Colored

What is the koala’s scientific name?
Phascolarctos cinereus
The koala’s scientific name is Phascolarctos cinereus. The generic name, Phascolarctos, is derived from the Greek words phaskolos and arktos. The specific name, cinereus, is Latin.
Phascolomys fuscus
Phascolomys platyrhinus
Lasiorhinus krefftii

Where does koala copulation occur?
In Trees
Koala copulation occurs in a tree.
In Water
On the Ground
Underground

What kind of coat does the koala have?
Dense & Wooly
Koalas have dense, wooly fur that is gray to brown on top and varies with geographic location.
Smooth & Silky
Full & Fluffy
Fine & Glossy

What is the koala’s form of locomotion?
Plantigrade
Koalas have a plantigrade form of locomotion.
Digitigrade
Unguligrade

There is a national recovery plan for the koala.
False
There is no national recovery plan for the koala; however there is a national conservation and management strategy, a recovery plan in New South Wales, a management strategy in Victoria, and a conservation plan and management program in Queensland.
True

What threatens koalas?
Habitat Loss
Current threats to the koala include continued habitat destruction, fragmentation, and modification (which makes them vulnerable to predation by dogs, vehicle strikes, and other factors), bushfires, and disease, as well as drought-associated mortality in habitat fragments. Koalas are also threatened by the microorganism Chlamydia psittaci, which can make them sterile.
Bushfire
Current threats to the koala include continued habitat destruction, fragmentation, and modification (which makes them vulnerable to predation by dogs, vehicle strikes, and other factors), bushfires, and disease, as well as drought-associated mortality in habitat fragments. Koalas are also threatened by the microorganism Chlamydia psittaci, which can make them sterile.
Drought
Current threats to the koala include continued habitat destruction, fragmentation, and modification (which makes them vulnerable to predation by dogs, vehicle strikes, and other factors), bushfires, and disease, as well as drought-associated mortality in habitat fragments. Koalas are also threatened by the microorganism Chlamydia psittaci, which can make them sterile.
Disease
Current threats to the koala include continued habitat destruction, fragmentation, and modification (which makes them vulnerable to predation by dogs, vehicle strikes, and other factors), bushfires, and disease, as well as drought-associated mortality in habitat fragments. Koalas are also threatened by the microorganism Chlamydia psittaci, which can make them sterile.

The koala has cheek pouches to store food.
True
The koala has cheek pouches that allow the animal to store unchewed food while moving to a safer or more protected location.
False

What type of animal is the koala?
Mammal
Despite this name, koalas are not bears and are instead marsupials found in the Mammalia class.
Marsupial
Despite this name, koalas are not bears and are instead marsupials found in the Mammalia class.
Bear
Sloth

The koala’s habitat is severely fragmented.
False
The koala’s habitat is not severely fragmented according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
True

What is the koala’s movement pattern?
Not a Migrant
The koala is not a migrant.
Seasonal Migrant
Altitudinal Migrant
Full Migrant

How long do koalas sleep each day?
18 Hours
Koalas are slow-moving and sleep up to 18 hours a day.
12 Hours
22 Hours
8 Hours

When did koalas nearly go extinct?
1890
Commercial harvesting took place across the koala’s range towards the end of the 19th century and early 20th century and koalas were nearly exterminated. Millions of koalas were killed. Koala subpopulations were severely depleted and their environments were destroyed by fires caused by humans. This was banned in Victoria in the 1890s, and it continued sporadically and under regulation in Queensland until 1927.
1990
1927
1727

What is the koala’s population trend?
Decreasing
The koala’s total geographic range and overall distribution has contracted significantly due to loss of large areas of habitat since European settlement. This decline was primarily due to disease, bushfires, and widespread habitat destruction in the early decades of the 20th century.
Increasing
Stable
Unknown

What is the koala’s rhythm?
Nocturnal
Koalas are mainly nocturnal and feed at night.
Cathemeral
Diurnal
Crepuscular

Koalas have sweat glands.
False
The koala has no sweat glands.
True

Koalas are sexually dimorphic.
True
Koalas exhibit sexual dimorphism with the males being larger. Males are up to 50% heavier than females, have a broader face, somewhat smaller ears, and a large chest gland.
False

Which koalas have shorter, lighter coats?
Northern
Koalas from the northern end of the range have coats that are generally shorter and lighter than their southern counterparts.
Southern
Eastern
Western

What type of habitats do koalas inhabit?
Dry
Koalas inhabit temperate and subtropical/tropical dry forests and dry savanna habitats.
Moist
Mangrove
Swamp

What is the koala’s generation length?
6-8 Years
Generation length is 6-8 years.
4-6 Years
8-10 Years
2-4 Years

How do koalas deal with leaf toxicity?
Stomach Bacteria
The leaves that koalas feast on are highly toxic, but koalas have a flora of bacteria in their stomachs that metabolize the toxins of the leaves.
Immunity
Neural Anesthetic Mechanism
Avoids Eating Toxic Parts

Why do koalas eat soil and gravel?
Aid Digestion
Koalas come to the ground occasionally to move to another food tree or to lick up soil or gravel which aids in digestion.
Clean Teeth
Grind Leaves
Nutrients

Why do koalas bellow?
Mate Attraction
During the breeding season, koalas use loud, bellowing calls that consist of a series of harsh inhalations each followed by a resonant, growling expiration. These calls advertise an individual’s presence and warn off other males.
Competition
During the breeding season, koalas use loud, bellowing calls that consist of a series of harsh inhalations each followed by a resonant, growling expiration. These calls advertise an individual’s presence and warn off other males.
Identification
Communication with Young

What does a koala weigh at birth?
0.5 g. / 0.1 oz.
Young koalas weigh less than 0.5 grams when born.
14 g. / 0.5 oz.
28 g. / 1 oz.
454 g. / 1 lb.

When do koalas give birth?
Summer
Births occur in mid-summer of December and January, ranging from October to May.
Spring
Fall
Winter

How many koalas will occupy a tree?
1
Koalas live in loose-knit groups if enough suitable trees are present, but only one animal per tree.
2-3
3-5
5-10

What is the koala’s diet?
Specialized
Koalas have a highly specialized diet in which they eat only 20 of the 350 species of eucalyptus and prefer only 5 species. The koala’s diet is mostly limited to foliage of Eucalyptus species with occasional intake of leaves of other plants, mostly in the Myrtaceous genera, but the bulk of its diet comes from only a few eucalypt species. Eucalyptus viminalis and Eucalyptus ovata are preferred in the south, while Eucalyptus punctata, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus tereticornis are the taste of the north.
Generalized

When is the koala breeding season?
Spring-Summer
The breeding season is in October-February.
Summer-Fall
Fall-Winter
Winter-Spring

To what region is the koala endemic?
Australia
The koala is endemic to Australia and lives in the eastern range from northern Queensland to southwestern Victoria.
New Zealand
Tasmania
Papua New Guinea

How many digits does a koala have on each paw?
5
The koala’s paws are large, and both fore and hind feet have five strongly clawed digits.
6
4
3

When are koalas weaned?
6-12 Months
When born, koalas attach to one of the nipples in the pouch, feeding on milk or predigested leaves that are nontoxic, and are weaned at 6-12 months.
6-12 Weeks
1-2 Years
1-2 Months

Koalas do not drink water.
False
It was at one time thought, since the animals were not observed to come down from trees often, that they were able to survive without drinking. The leaves of the eucalyptus tree have a high water content, so the koala does not need to drink often. But the notion that they do not need to drink water at all was shown to be a myth.
True

Climate change is expected to decrease koala populations over what time period?
20-30 Years
Climate change is likely to have severe consequences for the koala. It is expected to lead to an increased rate of population reduction over the next 20-30 years, and the impacts of other threats will magnify over this period.
10-20 Years
30-50 Years
2-3 Years

How long does koala copulation last?
2 Minutes
Koala copulation is brief, generally lasting less than two minutes.
20 Minutes
2 Hours
2 Seconds

Where do koalas have white fur?
Ears
There is white on the chin, chest, and inner side of the forelimbs. The rump is often dappled with white patches and the ears are fringed with long, white hairs.
Chin
There is white on the chin, chest, and inner side of the forelimbs. The rump is often dappled with white patches and the ears are fringed with long, white hairs.
Chest
There is white on the chin, chest, and inner side of the forelimbs. The rump is often dappled with white patches and the ears are fringed with long, white hairs.
Back

Koalas have a vestigial tail.
True
Koalas have a vestigial tail.
False

There are koala breeding facilities internationally.
True
There are numerous captive breeding facilities in Australia, and internationally.
False

What is the koala’s main threat?
Habitat Loss
Currently, the koala’s main threat is habitat destruction.
Bushfires
Drought
Disease

What is the koala’s population?
100,000-500,000
There are 100,000-500,000 mature koala individuals.
100-500
10,000-50,000
1,000-5,000

The koala’s scientific name derives from what features?
Pouch
The generic name, Phascolarctos, is derived from the Greek words phaskolos and arktos. Phaskolos translates to pouch, referring to the female koala’s pouch that opens to the rear and extends upward and forward, and arktos translates to bear, again remarking the koala’s resemblance to species in the Ursidae family. The specific name, cinereus, is Latin for ash-colored.
Bear-Like Appearance
The generic name, Phascolarctos, is derived from the Greek words phaskolos and arktos. Phaskolos translates to pouch, referring to the female koala’s pouch that opens to the rear and extends upward and forward, and arktos translates to bear, again remarking the koala’s resemblance to species in the Ursidae family. The specific name, cinereus, is Latin for ash-colored.
Ashy Color
The generic name, Phascolarctos, is derived from the Greek words phaskolos and arktos. Phaskolos translates to pouch, referring to the female koala’s pouch that opens to the rear and extends upward and forward, and arktos translates to bear, again remarking the koala’s resemblance to species in the Ursidae family. The specific name, cinereus, is Latin for ash-colored.
Herbivorous Diet

Which sex of koala has larger home ranges?
Male
Koala home range size varies substantially with forest structure and productivity, and males typically have larger home ranges than females.
Female

Koalas defoliate trees and cause tree death.
True
At high population densities, koalas can defoliate preferred tree species, causing tree death and subsequent koala population crash. As such, management of the koala can be difficult. Populations that are protected can reach such high numbers in an area that they destroy the trees on which they feed. Often portions of populations have to be relocated in order to reduce the number of individuals in a given area. However, this is complicated by the shortage of suitable forest areas where surplus animals can be released.
False

Why are koalas sedentary?
Low-Quality Diet
Because of their low-quality diet, koalas have a low metabolic rate and conserve energy by their relatively sedentary behavior.
Low Metabolic Rate
Because of their low-quality diet, koalas have a low metabolic rate and conserve energy by their relatively sedentary behavior.
Defense Mechanism
Camouflage

For what were koalas hunted?
Pelts
Millions of koalas were killed for their warm, thick pelts for a large export industry in Victoria, New South Wales, and Queensland.
Trophies
Claws
Meat

What percentage have koala populations declined over the last 3 generations?
30%
In Queensland, extent of occurrence and area of occupancy have contracted by about 30%. In 2012, the overall rate of decline in population size over the last 18-24 years, or three generations, was estimated at about 28% by the Threatened Species Scientific Committee. This rate is substantially influenced by a severe decline in inland regions most exposed to recent drought. A separate expert elicitation process involving independent estimates from 15 koala experts of population size in every bioregion inhabited by koalas concluded that the koala population size reduction or projected reduction over three generations is a mean of 29%, albeit with substantial variation amongst experts in estimation of this rate.
60%
90%
10%

How many koala subspecies are recognized?
3
Traditionally, three distinct koala subspecies have been recognized: the Queensland koala (P. c. adustus, Thomas 1923), the New South Wales koala (P. c. cinereus, Goldfuss 1817), and the Victorian koala (P. c. victor, Troughton 1935). These forms are distinguished by pelage color and thickness, body size, and skull shape and their boundaries are based on state borders.
6
0
9

How do koalas cool themselves?
Licking
The koala cools itself by licking its arms and stretching out as it rests in the trees.
Stretching Out
The koala cools itself by licking its arms and stretching out as it rests in the trees.
Bathing
Eating Cool Leaves

How long does a koala live in its mother’s pouch?
5-7 Months
Young koalas have a pouch life of 5-7 months, feeding on milk or predigested leaves that are nontoxic.
5-7 Days
5-7 Weeks
5-7 Years

How much can an adult koala eat daily?
500 g. / 1 lb.
An adult koala can eat 500 grams daily.
1,000 g. / 2 lb.
250 g. / 0.6 lb.
2,000 g. / 4 lb.

What is the koala’s birth interval?
1 Year
Females can produce young at annual intervals and usually breed once every year. Births per adult female per year average 0.3-0.8.
6 Months
2 Years
3 Months

Male koalas have home ranges that overlap those of which other koalas?
Females
Individual adult koalas occupy fixed home ranges that have extensive overlap. For breeding males, the home range will overlap those of females as well as sub-adult and non-breeding males.
Sub-Adult Males
Individual adult koalas occupy fixed home ranges that have extensive overlap. For breeding males, the home range will overlap those of females as well as sub-adult and non-breeding males.
Non-Breeding Males
Individual adult koalas occupy fixed home ranges that have extensive overlap. For breeding males, the home range will overlap those of females as well as sub-adult and non-breeding males.
Breeding Males

What is a male koala called?
Buck
A male koala is called a “buck”.
Bull
Joey
Boar

Koalas are considered pests in which regions?
Kangaroo Island
Effective management of some of the koala’s threats on the mainland could lead to excessive abundance and result in pest problems similar to those occurring on Kangaroo Island and in parts of Victoria.
Victoria
Effective management of some of the koala’s threats on the mainland could lead to excessive abundance and result in pest problems similar to those occurring on Kangaroo Island and in parts of Victoria.
Magnetic Island
Queensland

What is a group of koalas called?
Harem
Sometimes, koalas lives in small harems or clings led by a single male.
Cling
Sometimes, koalas lives in small harems or clings led by a single male.
Troop
Pod

Koalas are protected and can not be legally hunted.
True
After 1927, as a result of public outcry, the koala became legally protected. Koalas are now protected and can no longer be hunted.
False

What is a female koala called?
Doe
A female koala is called a “doe”.
Jenny
Henny
Mare

How much did you know about the koala? Share your results in the comments!

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