Przewalski’s Horse Trivia

Do you think you know Przewalski’s horse? Test your knowledge of Przewalski’s horse FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Click on an answer choice to receive instant feedback. Red answers are incorrect, but allow you to continue guessing. Green answers are correct and will provide additional explanatory information. Sometimes more than one answer is correct!



Przewalski’s horse was considered extinct in the wild until what year?
1996
Przewalski’s horse was previously listed as Extinct in the Wild (EW) on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species from the 1960s up to the assessment in 1996. The species was then reassessed as Critically Endangered (CR) due to at least one surviving mature individual in the wild.
2016
2006
1986

What threatens Przewalski’s horse?
Agriculture
Przewalski’s horse is threatened by small population size and restricted range, potential hybridization with domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus), loss of genetic diversity, and disease. As the population size is small, it is vulnerable to stochastic events such as severe weather. They are also vulnerable to agriculture, energy production, and human intrusions.
Human Intrusions
Przewalski’s horse is threatened by small population size and restricted range, potential hybridization with domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus), loss of genetic diversity, and disease. As the population size is small, it is vulnerable to stochastic events such as severe weather. They are also vulnerable to agriculture, energy production, and human intrusions.
Energy Production
Przewalski’s horse is threatened by small population size and restricted range, potential hybridization with domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus), loss of genetic diversity, and disease. As the population size is small, it is vulnerable to stochastic events such as severe weather. They are also vulnerable to agriculture, energy production, and human intrusions.
Climate Change
Przewalski’s horse is threatened by small population size and restricted range, potential hybridization with domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus), loss of genetic diversity, and disease. As the population size is small, it is vulnerable to stochastic events such as severe weather. They are also vulnerable to agriculture, energy production, and human intrusions.

What is a male Przewalski’s horse called?
Gelding
A male Przewalski’s horse is called a gelding, stallion, or stud.
Stallion
A male Przewalski’s horse is called a gelding, stallion, or stud.
Stud
A male Przewalski’s horse is called a gelding, stallion, or stud.
String

What is Przewalski’s horse’s form of locomotion?
Unguligrade
Like all horses, Przewalski’s horse is an odd-toed ungulate, a hoofed animal which bears most of its weight on one of the fives toes: the third toe.
Other
Digitigrade
Plantigrade

What preys on Przewalski’s horse?
Grey Wolf
Wolves, such as the grey wolf (Canis lupus), and humans prey on Przewalski’s horse.
Red Fox
Tiger
Dhole

For what are Przewalski’s horse’s upper and lower incisors used?
Cutting Vegetation
Przewalski’s horse’s upper and lower incisors are used for cutting vegetation.
Grinding
Tearing Meat
Crushing Bone

What is Przewalski’s horse’s assessment on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species?
Endangered
The Przewalski’s horse population is currently estimated to consist of more than 50 mature individuals free-living in the wild for the past seven years, now qualifying the species for Endangered (EN) assessment on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species under Criterion D.
Extinct in the Wild
Critically Endangered
Vulnerable

Przewalski’s horse is territorial.
False
Przewalski’s horse is not territorial.
True

For what were Przewalski’s horses hunted?
Meat
Historically, Przewalski’s horse has declined drastically because of excessive hunting for meat by people.
Hair
Teeth
Hooves

Przewalski’s horses can detect smell and sound at great distances.
True
Przewalski’s horse can detect smell and sound at great distances.
False

What purpose does Przewalski’s horse’s coloration serve?
Camouflage
Przewalski’s horse’s tan to reddish brown coloration helps it blend into its grassland and desert habitat.
Foal Identification
Mate Attraction
Communication

Who was Przewalski’s horse named after?
Western Rediscoverer
Przewalski’s horse was named after Colonel Nikolai Mikailovich Przewalski, a famous Russian explorer who rediscovered the species for western science in 1879.
Tibetan Monk
Taxonomic Classifier
Western Discoverer

How many Przewalski’s horse subspecies are recognized?
3
Equus ferus contains 3 subspecies, Przewalski’s horse (E. F. przewalskii), the domesticated horse (E. f. caballus), and the extinct tarpan (E. f. ferus).
0
1
5

What is Przewalski’s diet?
Herbivorous
Przewalski’s horse is a herbivore.
Omnivorous
Carnivorous
Other

Przewalski’s horse grows a dense coat for winter and sheds into a lighter coat for summer.
True
Przewalski’s horse has a stiff, dark brown mane and grows a dense coat for very cold winters and sheds into a lighter coat for very hot summers.
False

What is Przewalski’s horse’s circadian rhythm?
Crepuscular
Przewalski’s horse is crepuscular and spends more than half the day foraging for food. The horse has been seen spending the day in the desert, traveling to grazing and watering areas after sun-down, and returning to the desert in the morning.
Nocturnal
Cathemeral
Diurnal

What do Przewalski’s horses defend the most?
Female Group Members
Although herds don’t mix, they will share territory because the stallions are more protective of their mares than their territory.
Territory
Water Sources
Male Group Members

What system does Przewalski’s horse inhabit?
Terrestrial
Przewalski’s horse inhabits terrestrial systems.
Aquatic
Arboreal
Fossorial

What are alternate names for Przewalski’s horse?
Asian Wild Horse
Przewalski’s horse is also known as the Asian wild horse, Dzungarian horse, Mongolian wild horse and the takhi – a Mongolian word meaning spirit.
Takhi
Przewalski’s horse is also known as the Asian wild horse, Dzungarian horse, Mongolian wild horse and the takhi – a Mongolian word meaning spirit.
Mongolian Wild Horse
Przewalski’s horse is also known as the Asian wild horse, Dzungarian horse, Mongolian wild horse and the takhi – a Mongolian word meaning spirit.
Tarpan

To what continent is Przewalski’s horse endemic?
Asia
The horse once roamed throughout Europe and Asia, but today they are only found on reserves in Asia.
Oceania
Africa
North America

What habitats do Przewalski’s horses inhabit?
Grassland
Przewalski’s horse currently inhabits grassland and desert habitats. It’s been suggested that the horse is primarily a steppe herbivore that can survive under arid conditions when there is access to waterholes.
Desert
Przewalski’s horse currently inhabits grassland and desert habitats. It’s been suggested that the horse is primarily a steppe herbivore that can survive under arid conditions when there is access to waterholes.
Forest
Savanna

Przewalski’s horse is rare and difficult to catch.
True
That the wild horse was a prestigious gift, denoting its rarity and that it was difficult to catch, is also demonstrated by the presentation of a Przewalski’s horse to the emperor of Manchuria by Chechen-Khansoloj-Chalkaskyden, an important Mongolian, circa 1630.
False

When does Przewalski’s horse sexually mature?
2 Years
Przewalski’s horses are sexually mature at about two years of age.
1 Year
3 Years
5 Years

What is Przewalski’s horse’s social system?
Social
Przewalski’s horse is a very social animal.
Social Males, Solitary Females
Solitary
Solitary Males, Social Females

What is Przewalski’s horse’s scientific name?
Equus ferus
All extant wild horses belong to the subspecies Equus ferus przewalskii.
Equus quagga
Equus kiang
Equus hemionus

What is Przewalski’s horse’s current use and trade?
None
There is currently no use or trade in Przewalski’s horses.
Pets
Food
Sport Hunting

What is Przewalski’s horse’s closest relative?
Domestic Horse
Przewalski’s and domestic horses are very closely related and have a phylogenetic relationship as sister taxa diverging between 150,000 and 250,000 years ago.
Kiang
Asiatic Wild Ass
Mountain Zebra

When is Przewalski’s mating season?
April-May
Przewalski’s horse mating and birth occurs in the same season, since females come into heat seven to eight days after giving birth. Mating occurs in April or May.
Oct-Nov
Jan-Feb
Jul-Aug

What is a young Przewalski’s horse called?
Foal
A young Przewalski’s horse is called a foal.
Fawn
Kid
Calf

Where are Przewalski’s horse’s eyes located on its skull?
Sides
Like most prey species, Przewalski’s horse has large eyes located on the sides of the head and set far back in the skull.
Front

Przewalski’s horse has been domesticated.
False
Przewalski’s horse has never been domesticated.
True

How soon after birth can Przewalski’s horse stand and walk?
1 Hour
An hour after birth, Przewalski’s horse foals are able to stand and walk. Foals are usually born at night and by morning are able to travel with the herd.
Immediately
1 Day
1 Week

What is Przewalski’s horse’s parental investment?
Maternal
Przewalski’s horse has maternal parental investment.
Both, Maternal & Paternal
None
Paternal

What is Przewalski’s horse’s population?
178
The Przewalski’s horse population is currently estimated to consist of 178 mature individuals free-living in the wild.
Unknown
1,780
17

What kind of voice does Przewalski’s horse have?
Shrill
Shy and alert to avoid enemies, Przewalski’s horse has a shrill voice.
Hollow
Husky
Quiet

What is a group of Przewalski’s horses called?
Harem
A group of Przewalski’s horses is called a harem, harras, herd, rag, stud, string, or team.
Herd
A group of Przewalski’s horses is called a harem, harras, herd, rag, stud, string, or team.
Gather
Troop

For what are Przewalski’s horse’s hypsodont cheek theeth used?
Grinding
Przewalski’s horse’s many hypsodont cheek teeth are used for grinding.
Cutting Vegetation
Tearing Meat
Crushing Bone

Przewalski’s horse inhabits almost entirely protected areas.
True
The taxon’s re-introduced range is almost entirely within protected areas.
False

Hunting Przewalkski’s horses has been prohibited since what year?
1930
Hunting Przewalski’s horse has been prohibited since 1930, and the species is listed as Very Rare under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law.
1953
2003
2015

Przewalski’s horse’s ears can be moved for the localization of sounds.
True
Its ears are fairly long and erect, but can be moved for the localization of sounds.
False

What color is Przewalski’s horse’s muzzle?
White
The horse has white on the belly, dark brown on the lower legs and mane, and a white muzzle.
Red
Brown
Black

When was Przewalski’s horse first written about?
900 A.D.
The first written accounts of Przewalski’s horse originate from Tibet, recorded by the monk Bodowa, who lived around 900 AD.
1771 B.C.
1226 B.C.
1897 B.C.

All Przewalski’s horses belong to the subspecies Equus ferus przewalskii.
True
All extant wild horses belong to the subspecies Equus ferus przewalskii.
False

What type of herbivore is Przewalski’s horse?
Fermenter
All perissodactyls are hindgut fermenters. In contrast to ruminants, hindgut fermenters store digested food that has left the stomach in an enlarged cecum, where the food is digested by bacteria. As an odd-toed ungulate, Przewalski’s horse digests plant cellulose in its intestines rather than in one or more stomach chambers as even-toed ungulates do. No gallbladder is present.
Intermediate Feeder Ruminant (IM)
Concentrate Selector Ruminant (CS)
Roughage Feeder/Grazer Ruminant (GR)

Przewalski’s horse sheds the hairs on its tail and mane all at once.
True
The horse sheds the hairs on its tail and mane all at once, unlike domestic horses that lose only a few hairs at a time.
False

What is Przewalski’s horse’s movement pattern?
Not a Migrant
Przewalski’s horse is not a migrant.
Nomadic
Full Migrant
Altitudinal Migrant

Which of Przewalski’s horse’s features are shorter than those of a domestic horse?
Legs
Przewalski’s horse is stocky and looks very pony-like with shorter legs, neck, and mane than domestic horses. Its head is massive with a long face and a powerful jaw.
Neck
Przewalski’s horse is stocky and looks very pony-like with shorter legs, neck, and mane than domestic horses. Its head is massive with a long face and a powerful jaw.
Mane
Przewalski’s horse is stocky and looks very pony-like with shorter legs, neck, and mane than domestic horses. Its head is massive with a long face and a powerful jaw.
Face

What is a female Przewalski’s horse called?
Mare
A female Przewalski’s horse is called a mare.
Jenny
Sow
Jill

What countries does Przewalski’s horse inhabit?
China
Przewalski’s horse is found in the Altai Mountains of western Mongolia. The horse once roamed throughout Europe and Asia, but today they are only found on reserves in Mongolia and China and in zoos around the world.
Mongolia
Przewalski’s horse is found in the Altai Mountains of western Mongolia. The horse once roamed throughout Europe and Asia, but today they are only found on reserves in Mongolia and China and in zoos around the world.
India
Russia

What type of habitats do Przewalski’s horses inhabit?
Temperate
Przewalski’s horse currently inhabits temperate habitats.
Dry
Tundra
Subtropical/Tropical

Przewalski’s horse is shy.
True
Shy and alert to avoid enemies, it proved difficult to catch adult horses, because they were too shy and fast.
False

After sexual maturity, which sex of Przewalski’s horse remains in the herd?
Female
Females may remain with the herd but males are driven away after a year.
Male
Both, Male & Female
None

What is Przewalski’s horse’s mating system?
Polygynous
Przewalski’s horse exhibits a harem defense polygyny.
Polygynandrous
Polyandrous
Monogamous

Przewalski’s horse’s population is severely fragmented.
True
Przewalski’s horse’s population is severely fragmented.
False

Przewalski’s horse can create fertile offspring with domestic horses.
True
Przewalski’s horse (Equus ferus przewalskii) can hybridize with domestic horses (Equus ferus caballus) to produce fertile offspring.
False

What is a young male Przewalski’s horse called?
Colt
A young male Przewalski’s horse is called a colt.
Stud
Filly
Mare

When is Przewalski’s birthing season?
April-May
Przewalski’s horse mating and birth occurs in the same season, since females come into heat seven to eight days after giving birth. Mating occurs in April or May.
Oct-Nov
Jan-Feb
Jul-Aug

Przewalski’s horse has a wide field of view, even when grazing or drinking.
True
The horse is able to see a wide field except directly behind it, even when its head is down while its are grazing or drinking.
False

Przewalski’s horse is the only remaining species of wild horse.
True
Przewalski’s horse is the only remaining species of wild horse.
False

When are Przewalski’s horses weaned?
8-13 Months
Foals begin grazing within a few weeks but continue to nurse for eight to 13 months.
13-18 Months
3-8 Months
18-23 Months

How long is Przewalski’s horse gestation?
11-12 Months
Przewalski’s horse’s gestation period is from eleven to twelve months.
23-24 Months
6-7 Months
18-19 Months

What is Przewalski’s horse’s diet preference?
Generalist
Przewalski’s horse is a generalist, eating grass, plants, and fruit. It sometimes eats bark, leaves, and buds.
Specialist

What is the lifespan of Przewalski’s horse?
20-25 Years
Lifespan for Przewalski’s horse is 20-25 years.
30-35 Years
10-15 Years
40-45 Years

What is Przewalski’s horse’s population trend?
Increasing
In recent years, the population has been increasing due to successful reintroductions.
Decreasing
Stable
Unknown

The mood of Przewalski’s horse can be detected through what body parts?
Ears
Its moods can be detected through changes in the positions of its ear, mouth, and tail.
Mouth
Its moods can be detected through changes in the positions of its ear, mouth, and tail.
Tail
Its moods can be detected through changes in the positions of its ear, mouth, and tail.
Hooves

What is Przewalski’s horse’s trophic level?
Primary Consumer
Przewalski’s horse is a primary consumer.
Secondary Consumer
Tertiary Consumer
Apex Predator

Przewalski’s horse has ___ chromosomes compared to the domestic horse.
More
The existence of 2n = 66 chromosomes in Przewalski’s horse identifies it as being more different from its domestic relatives (2n = 64) than are any two breeds of domestic horse
Less
The Same

How do Przewalski’s horses establish their permanent groups?
Steal Horses from Rivals
When they are five years of age or older, stallions attempt to form harems of semi-permanent membership that are held year-round. They take over already established harems, steal mares from rivals, or are joined by females dispersing from their natal harem at approximately two to three years of age.
Take Over Established Groups
When they are five years of age or older, stallions attempt to form harems of semi-permanent membership that are held year-round. They take over already established harems, steal mares from rivals, or are joined by females dispersing from their natal harem at approximately two to three years of age.
Join with Dispersed Females
When they are five years of age or older, stallions attempt to form harems of semi-permanent membership that are held year-round. They take over already established harems, steal mares from rivals, or are joined by females dispersing from their natal harem at approximately two to three years of age.
Join with Dispersed Males

How many Przewalski’s horses make up a group?
4-10
This species forms permanent herds consisting of one dominant stallion and four to ten mares with their offspring.
1-4
10-20
20-50

To how many offspring does Przewalski’s horse give birth?
1
A single offspring is born.
2
3
4

What is a young female Przewalski’s horse called?
Filly
A young female Przewalski’s horse is called a filly.
Stud
Colt
Mare

How much did you know about Przewalski’s horse? Share your results in the comments!

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