FaunaFocus
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Humans are the tiger's only serious predator, and poaching for illegal trade in high-value tiger products including skins, bones, teeth, claws, meat, and tonics is the tiger's greatest threat.

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The pattern of stripes is unique to each tiger and can be used to identify individuals, much in the same way as fingerprints are used to identify people.

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An analysis of sexual dimorphism suggests that male tigers take larger prey than females.

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Most tigers live in forests or grasslands, for which their camouflage is ideally suited, and where it is easy to hunt prey that is faster or more agile.

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While some hunting occurs in the daytime, tigers are mostly nocturnal, exhibiting activity that coincides with their prey.

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Tigers are one of the only cats that are strong swimmers and enjoy lounging in shaded waters to deal with high temperatures.

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Tigers breed well in captivity, and the captive population in the United States may rival the wild population of the world.

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Tigers are not runners and rarely pursue prey more than 150 meters, but rather, they rely on explosive acceleration.

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The stripe pattern is found on a tiger's skin, as well as on the fur.

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The Indian subcontinent is home to more than 80% of the wild tigers in the world.

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Nine subspecies of the tiger are recognized.

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Tiger cubs are born blind, deaf, and helpless.

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Only Bengal tigers have been found with a white coat, which has far fewer apparent stripes than an orange coat.

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The tiger is the largest and most powerful of all living cat species.

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Tigers have the longest and biggest canine teeth of all the wild cats.

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Tigers are tolerant of an unbelievably wide range of habitat conditions from dry forests to steamy jungles and even freezing temperatures.

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Tigers are digitigrade and walk on their toes to distribute their weight and walk fluidly and silently.

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Poaching of tigers for the use of their bones in traditional Asian medicine may drive the tiger to extinction.

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Tiger cubs are raised solely by their mothers until they embark for their own territories at around 2-2.5 years of age.

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Tigers are one of the highest-jumping mammals, perhaps second only to the puma.

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Of the living tiger subspecies, Sumatran tigers are the smallest, and Bengal tigers are the largest.

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Wandering male tigers may kill cubs to make females receptive.

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Many tigers are conflict-killed, harmed by people seeking to protect life and livestock.

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Of all the land carnivores, the tiger is the only species known to take down a full-grown male elephant, one-on-one.

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A tiger's gestation period is 96-111 days and 1-5 cubs are born.

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The thirteen Tiger Range Countries pledged to double the world’s tiger population by 2022, the next Year of the Tiger on the Asian lunar calendar, with a goal of achieving at...

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Tigers can take ungulate prey at least five times their weight, including large bovids, elephants, rhinos, leopards, and bears.

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Tigers are generally solitary, maintaining exclusive territories, or home ranges, and only interacting for mating.

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Tigers need to kill 50-60 large prey animals per year.

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Tigers are opportunistic predators and their diet includes birds, fish, rodents, insects, amphibians, reptiles, and even other mammals such as primates and porcupines.

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Tigers once ranged widely across Asia, but now inhabit less than 6% of their historic range.

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The tiger is listed as endangered because the population of mature individuals may be fewer than 2,500 individuals.

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Tiger populations have declined much greater than 50% over the last three generations.