FaunaFocus
Tiger

Humans are the tiger's only serious predator, and poaching for illegal trade in high-value tiger products including skins, bones, teeth, claws, meat, and tonics is the tiger's greatest threat.

Tiger

The pattern of stripes is unique to each tiger and can be used to identify individuals, much in the same way as fingerprints are used to identify people.

Tiger

An analysis of sexual dimorphism suggests that male tigers take larger prey than females.

Tiger

Most tigers live in forests or grasslands, for which their camouflage is ideally suited, and where it is easy to hunt prey that is faster or more agile.

Tiger

While some hunting occurs in the daytime, tigers are mostly nocturnal, exhibiting activity that coincides with their prey.

Tiger

Tigers are one of the only cats that are strong swimmers and enjoy lounging in shaded waters to deal with high temperatures.

Tiger

Tigers breed well in captivity, and the captive population in the United States may rival the wild population of the world.

Tiger

Tigers are not runners and rarely pursue prey more than 150 meters, but rather, they rely on explosive acceleration.

Tiger

The stripe pattern is found on a tiger's skin, as well as on the fur.

Tiger

The Indian subcontinent is home to more than 80% of the wild tigers in the world.

Tiger

Nine subspecies of the tiger are recognized.

Tiger

Tiger cubs are born blind, deaf, and helpless.

Tiger

Only Bengal tigers have been found with a white coat, which has far fewer apparent stripes than an orange coat.

Tiger

The tiger is the largest and most powerful of all living cat species.

Tiger

Tigers have the longest and biggest canine teeth of all the wild cats.

Tiger

Tigers are tolerant of an unbelievably wide range of habitat conditions from dry forests to steamy jungles and even freezing temperatures.

Tiger

Tigers are digitigrade and walk on their toes to distribute their weight and walk fluidly and silently.

Tiger

Poaching of tigers for the use of their bones in traditional Asian medicine may drive the tiger to extinction.

Tiger

Tiger cubs are raised solely by their mothers until they embark for their own territories at around 2-2.5 years of age.

Tiger

Tigers are one of the highest-jumping mammals, perhaps second only to the puma.

Tiger

Of the living tiger subspecies, Sumatran tigers are the smallest, and Bengal tigers are the largest.

Tiger

Wandering male tigers may kill cubs to make females receptive.

Tiger

Many tigers are conflict-killed, harmed by people seeking to protect life and livestock.

Tiger

Of all the land carnivores, the tiger is the only species known to take down a full-grown male elephant, one-on-one.

Tiger

A tiger's gestation period is 96-111 days and 1-5 cubs are born.

Tiger

The thirteen Tiger Range Countries pledged to double the world’s tiger population by 2022, the next Year of the Tiger on the Asian lunar calendar, with a goal of achieving at...

Tiger

Tigers can take ungulate prey at least five times their weight, including large bovids, elephants, rhinos, leopards, and bears.

Tiger

Tigers are generally solitary, maintaining exclusive territories, or home ranges, and only interacting for mating.

Tiger

Tigers need to kill 50-60 large prey animals per year.

Tiger

Tigers are opportunistic predators and their diet includes birds, fish, rodents, insects, amphibians, reptiles, and even other mammals such as primates and porcupines.

Tiger

Tigers once ranged widely across Asia, but now inhabit less than 6% of their historic range.

Tiger

The tiger is listed as endangered because the population of mature individuals may be fewer than 2,500 individuals.

Tiger

Tiger populations have declined much greater than 50% over the last three generations.