January 2018: Common Palm Civet

Scientific Name Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
Alternate Name Asian/Mentawai Palm Civet, Luwak, Musang, Musang Luwak/Pulut, Onion Thief, Palm Cat/Civet, Paradoxure, Toddy Cat, Tree Cat/Dog, Weasel Cat, Wood-Dog
Collective Name
Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Viverridae Paradoxurus
Asia Forest, Shrubland, Grassland, Artificial/Terrestrial, Introduced Vegetation
38 cm. 15 in. 1-5 kg. 4-11 lb.
43-71 cm. 17-28 in. 15-25 yr. 7.7 yr. (Generation)
Least Concern Solitary Nocturnal
Decreasing Omnivore
Fore Hind
34 Subspecies
P. h. balicus
P. h. bondar Bengal, Nepal
P. h. canescens
P. h. cantor
P. h. canus
P. h. cochinensis
P. h. dongfangensis
P. h. enganus
P. h. exitus
P. h. hanieli
P. h. hermaphroditus South Asian, Southeast Asian, Southern Chinese, Southern Indian, Sri Lankan
P. h. javanica
P. h. kangeanus
P. h. laotum Myanmar, Thailand
P. h. laneus
P. h. lignicolor Mentawai Island
P. h. milleri
P. h. minor
P. h. musanga Javan, Mainland Southeast Asian, Sumatran
P. h. nictitans
P. h. pallasii Assam, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim
P. h. pallens
P. h. parvus
P. h. philippinensis Borneo, Mentwai Island, Philippine
P. h. pugnax
P. h. pulcher
P. h. sacer
P. h. scindiae Central Indian
P. h. senex
P. h. setosus
P. h. siberu
P. h. simplex
P. h. sumbanus
P. h. vellerosus Kashmir

The common palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus,) also known as the “Asian palm civet” or “toddy cat” is the most common of the civet species and resides in Asia. Not much is known about this civet’s behaviors as it’s shy, nocturnal, and arboreal, leading it to hide amongst the trees at night to evade predators. With numerous subspecies categorized within this species, the common palm civet can have a multitude of different appearances and variations. The common palm civet is listed as “Least Concern” on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species.

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