African penguins are largely resident, but some movements occur in response to prey movements.
Adult African penguins are largely resident, but some movements occur in response to prey movements.
The distance that African penguins have to travel to find food varies regionally, temporally, and spatially. On the west coast of Africa, a typical foraging trip could range from 30 to 70 kilometers for a single trip. On the south coast, foraging birds can cover an average of 110 kilometers per trip.
• Image | © Savannah Koomen, Some Rights Reserved, Unsplash
• Sources | (BirdLife International, 2016; Crawford, et al., 2001, 2008; Frost, Siegried, & Cooper; 1976; Hockey, Dean, & Ryan, 2005; Pearce, 2011)