Gerenuk Trivia

Gerenuk

Do you think you know the gerenuk? Test your knowledge of gerenuk FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Click on an answer choice to receive instant feedback. Red answers are incorrect, but allow you to continue guessing. Green answers are correct and will provide additional explanatory information. Sometimes more than one answer is correct!

Learn More About the Gerenuk | Play on Quizizz


What is the gerenuk’s population trend?
Decreasing
The gerenuk population is evaluated as “decreasing” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Stable
Increasing
Unknown


How many gerenuk subspecies are recognized?
2
Two subspecies have been proposed for the gerenuk, but some authors considered these to be independent species.
0
4
8


How do gerenuk defend their territories?
Tree Marking
Dominant males establish territories by marking trees and shrubs with their preorbital gland. Other dominant males will enter another’s territory without any aggression or defensiveness being displayed, but a young male without its own territory will be run off if he enters a dominant male’s territory.
Preorbital Gland Marking
Dominant males establish territories by marking trees and shrubs with their preorbital gland. Other dominant males will enter another’s territory without any aggression or defensiveness being displayed, but a young male without its own territory will be run off if he enters a dominant male’s territory.
Running Off Intruders
Dominant males establish territories by marking trees and shrubs with their preorbital gland. Other dominant males will enter another’s territory without any aggression or defensiveness being displayed, but a young male without its own territory will be run off if he enters a dominant male’s territory.
Scat Marking


To which continent is the gerenuk endemic?
Africa
The gerenuk formerly occurred widely in the semi-arid bushland of north-east Africa, from southern Djibouti to north-east Tanzania.
North America
Asia
Australia


Which sex of gerenuk has head ornamentation?
Male
Only male gerenuk have head ornamentation in the form of scimitar shaped horns ranging from 25 to 44 centimeters in length.
Female
Both, Male & Female


What is the gerenuk’s rhythm?
Diurnal
The gerenuk is diurnal and primarily active during the day.
Nocturnal
Crepuscular
Cathemeral


Which sex of gerenuk lives solitarily?
Male
Males are solitary and very territorial. They only associate with females during the mating season or when they are young.
Female


Gerenuk have never been an abundant species.
True
Gerenuk have never been an abundant species.
False


How quickly are gerenuk able to walk after birth?
Minutes
Gerenuk young are precocial and begin to walk within minutes of birth.
Seconds
Hours
Days


Gerenuk are commonly bred in zoos.
False
Unfortunately, the gerenuk has rarely been bred in zoos.
True


What is another name for the gerenuk?
Giraffe Gazelle
It is known as the “giraffe gazelle” due to its similarity to the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis).
Zebra Gazelle
Okapi Gazelle
Lion Gazelle


What is the gerenuk’s mating system?
Polygynous
Gerenuks have a polygynous mating system. Males will attempt to mate with as many females as they can.
Polygynandrous
Polyandrous
Monogamous


How do gerenuk respond to danger?
Freeze
Gerenuk have evolved several anti-predator adaptations for survival as juveniles and as adults. Young gerenuk remain motionless while hiding in the bushes and tall grasses not far from their mothers during the day when the mother is feeding. As adults, they show an adaptation that is more common to forest dwelling antelopes than to desert-adapted ones, they freeze at the approach of danger.
Flee
Charge
Unknown


There is sexual dimorphism in the gerenuk’s body weight.
True, males are larger.
Both sexes of gerenuk are of similar size, but the males are more muscular than females causing them to outweigh them.
True, females are larger.
False.


Gerenuk help promote ecotourism.
True.
Gerenuk have become a regular subject in the expanding world of photo-safaris and parks in Africa and help promote ecotourism.
False.


What is the gerenuk’s diet?
Herbivorous
The gerenuk is herbivorous and an efficient browser of herbaceous and succulent plants.
Carnivorous
Omnivorous
Unknown


What is the parental investment of the gerenuk?
Maternal
Gerenuks have maternal parental investment. Gerenuk mothers continue to look after their young until their weaned.
Paternal
None
Both, Maternal & Paternal


What feature allows the gerenuk to obtain tree leaves out of reach for most other antelopes?
Long Neck
Its long neck, long legs, and the ability to stand on its hind legs allows it to obtain tree leaves that are out of reach for most other antelope species.
Long Tongue
Jumping Ability
Unique Hooves


To how many offspring does a female gerenuk give birth?
1-2
Females usually give birth to one offspring, rarely two.
2-3
3-4
4-5


How does the gerenuk contribute to the environment?
Prey Species
Although rare, gerenuk contribute to nutrient cycling in the ecosystems in which they live through their foraging activity. Gerenuk also act as prey species for large predators.
Nutrient Cycling
Although rare, gerenuk contribute to nutrient cycling in the ecosystems in which they live through their foraging activity. Gerenuk also act as prey species for large predators.
Reduces Disease
Improves Water Quality


When was the gerenuk first described?
1879
The gerenuk was first described by Victor Brooke in 1879 on the basis of three male specimens procured on the mainland of Africa, north of the island of Zanzibar.
1779
1979
1679


Gerenuk have declined what percentage in Kenya since 1970?
50%
It’s been suggested a 50% decline in Kenya since 1970.
25%
75%
90%


The gerenuk’s common name derives from what language?
Somali
The gerenuk’s common name derives from the Somali name for the animal, gáránúug.
Afrikaans
Zulu
Swahili


What preys on the gerenuk?
Big Cats
Gerenuk are preyed on by a diverse set of large predators found throughout their range, such as cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), leopards (Panthera pardus), lions (Panthera leo), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), hyaenas, servals (Leptailurus serval), honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), caracals (Caracal caracal), and large eagles.
African Wild Dogs
Gerenuk are preyed on by a diverse set of large predators found throughout their range, such as cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), leopards (Panthera pardus), lions (Panthera leo), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), hyaenas, servals (Leptailurus serval), honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), caracals (Caracal caracal), and large eagles.
Hyaenas
Gerenuk are preyed on by a diverse set of large predators found throughout their range, such as cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), leopards (Panthera pardus), lions (Panthera leo), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), hyaenas, servals (Leptailurus serval), honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), caracals (Caracal caracal), and large eagles.
Eagles
Gerenuk are preyed on by a diverse set of large predators found throughout their range, such as cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), leopards (Panthera pardus), lions (Panthera leo), African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus), hyaenas, servals (Leptailurus serval), honey badgers (Mellivora capensis), caracals (Caracal caracal), and large eagles.


What is the gerenuk evaluated on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species?
Near Threatened
The species is currently evaluated as Near Threatened.
Vulnerable
Least Concern
Endangered


The gerenuk drinks free-standing water.
False
Gerenuk are largely independent of water. The gerenuk does not drink free-standing water and instead relies on water taken in when eating succulent plants.
True


The gerenuk is a common African game animal.
False
The gerenuk has been a game animal in Africa for over 200 years, though it’s not very common.
True


What is a group of gerenuk called?
Herd
A group of gerenuk is called a herd or shrewdness.
Shrewdness
A group of gerenuk is called a herd or shrewdness.
Bevy
Parcel


Which gerenuk subspecies is the largest?
Northern
The larger, northern gerenuk (Litocranius walleri sclateri) (Neumann, 1899), is also known as the Scalter’s gazelle.
Southern
Eastern
Western


What is the gerenuk’s scientific name?
Litocranius walleri
The gerenuk’s scientific name is Litocranius walleri.
Saiga tatarica
Antilope cervicapra
Antidorcas marsupialis


What habitats does the gerenuk inhabit?
Savanna
The gerenuk inhabits dry savanna and subtropical/tropical dry shrubland habitats including bushland, thickets, and semi-arid and arid thornush below 1,600 meters.
Shrubland
The gerenuk inhabits dry savanna and subtropical/tropical dry shrubland habitats including bushland, thickets, and semi-arid and arid thornush below 1,600 meters.
Forest
Grassland


What behaviors does a male gerenuk display during mating?
Mate Guarding
The male will mark the female on the thigh with the contents of his preorbital gland and continue to follow her around, a form of mate guarding. As the male follows the female he continually uses his forelegs to kick the female in her thigh region. When the female attempts to urinate, the male performs the flehmen test, or lip curl test, in which he samples her urine. Once the female comes into estrous, the male will notice the difference in the female’s urine and mating will begin.
Kicking
The male will mark the female on the thigh with the contents of his preorbital gland and continue to follow her around, a form of mate guarding. As the male follows the female he continually uses his forelegs to kick the female in her thigh region. When the female attempts to urinate, the male performs the flehmen test, or lip curl test, in which he samples her urine. Once the female comes into estrous, the male will notice the difference in the female’s urine and mating will begin.
Urine Sampling
The male will mark the female on the thigh with the contents of his preorbital gland and continue to follow her around, a form of mate guarding. As the male follows the female he continually uses his forelegs to kick the female in her thigh region. When the female attempts to urinate, the male samples her urine. Once the female comes into estrous, the male will notice the difference in the female’s urine and mating will begin.
Defensiveness


How long is gerenuk gestation?
165 Days
Females usually give birth after a gestation period of about 165 days.
65 Days
35 Days
135 Days


What percentage of the gerenuk population occurs in protected areas?
10%
About 10% of the gerenuk population occurs in protected areas.
30%
50%
70%


The gerenuk was described as the most common, widespread antelope of what country?
Somalia
It was described as the most common and most widespread antelope species across Somalia, but little recent information is available on its current distribution there and it was expected to have been severely reduced.
Ethiopia
Kenya
Tanzania


How long are gerenuk horns?
25-44 cm. / 9-17 in.
Gerenuk have head ornamentation in the form of scimitar shaped horns ranging from 25 to 44 centimeters in length.
15-34 cm. / 5-13 in.
35-54 cm. / 13-21 in.
45-64 cm. / 17-25 in.


What is the gerenuk interbreeding interval?
1-2 Years
Gerenuk females breed every one to two years, depending on the sex of their previous year’s offspring as male gerenuks are dependent on their mothers for longer than females.
3-4 Years
2-3 Years
4-5 Years


The gerenuk does well in captivity.
False
Unfortunately, the gerenuk doesn’t do well in captivity.
True


The gerenuk is one of the most exclusive browsers.
True
The gerenuk is one of the most exclusive browsers.
False


The gerenuk is most closely related to which species?
Springbok
In 2013, Eva Verena Bärmann and colleagues of the University of Cambridge revised the phylogeny of tribe on the basis of nuclear and mitochondrial gene analysis. The cladogram prepared by them showed that the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) forms a clade with the gerenuk. This clade is sister to the saiga (Saiga tatarica, tribe Saigini) and the blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra, genera Antilope,) Eudorcas, Gazella and Nanger (of Antilopini).
Saiga
Blackbuck
Thomson’s Gazelle


There are adverse effects of gerenuk on humans.
False
There are no adverse effects of gerenuk on humans.
True


What makes the gerenuk difficult to census?
Dense Bush Habitats
The species is difficult to census both from the ground and especially from the air, due to its often dense bush habitats, small group size, and cryptic coloration.
Small Group Size
The species is difficult to census both from the ground and especially from the air, due to its often dense bush habitats, small group size, and cryptic coloration.
Cryptic Coloration
The species is difficult to census both from the ground and especially from the air, due to its often dense bush habitats, small group size, and cryptic coloration.
Shyness


What threatens the gerenuk?
Hunting
The gerenuk’s decline is continuing due to hunting and habitat degradation caused by livestock grazing and cutting of trees.
Habitat Degredation
The gerenuk’s decline is continuing due to hunting and habitat degradation caused by livestock grazing and cutting of trees.
Livestock Grazing
The gerenuk’s decline is continuing due to hunting and habitat degradation caused by livestock grazing and cutting of trees.
Deforestation
The gerenuk’s decline is continuing due to hunting and habitat degradation caused by livestock grazing and cutting of trees.


Which sex of gerenuk offspring is weaned later?
Male
Young females get weaned when they reach one year of age, but male offspring are not weaned until they reach at least one and a half years old and stay with their mothers until after they are two.
Female


What percentage has the gerenuk population declined over the last 14 years?
25%
The gerenuk is estimated to be close to meeting the threshold for Vulnerable on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species under criterion A2cd, based on a decline of at least 25% over the last 14 years, or three generations, calculated from 2002-2016.
50%
75%
90%


Why are gerenuk hunted?
Trophies
Although they are limited in supply for hunters and have a limited range, they continue to be hunted for trophies and for bush meat, but levels of offtake are unknown.
Bush Meat
Although they are limited in supply for hunters and have a limited range, they continue to be hunted for trophies and for bush meat, but levels of offtake are unknown.
Population Control
Medicine


The gerenuk can withstand hunting pressures to some degree.
True
The gerenuk can withstand hunting pressures to some degree which has enabled it to survive widely in regions such as the Ogaden in the complete absence of protection.
False


What kind of coat does a gerenuk have?
Fine & Glossy
The gerenuk’s coat is of a short, fine, glossy hair that is evenly distributed over the whole body.
Course & Wooly
Smooth & Silky
Full & Fluffy


What test does a male gerenuk perform on a female’s urine?
Flehmen
When the female attempts to urinate, the male performs the flehmen test, or lip curl test, in which he samples her urine. Once the female comes into estrous, the male will notice the difference in the female’s urine and mating will begin.
Prothrombin Time
Lipid Panel
Hemoglobin A1C


What is a female gerenuk called?
Doe
A female gerenuk is called a “doe“.
CowTime
Sow
Jane

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