Kea have a polygynous mating system in which males fight for dominance to become part of the 10% that is allowed to breed in certain years.
Kea have a polygynous mating system. Males fight for dominance, and the hierarchy is strict. As few as 10% of males may be allowed to breed in certain years.
• Image | ©️ Aftab Uzzaman, Some Rights Reserved, (CC BY-NC 2.0)
• Sources | (del Hoyo, Elliott, Sargatal, Christie, & de Juana, 2017; Diamond & Bond, 1999; Tebbich, Taborsky, & Winkler, 1996; Williams, 2001)