FaunaFocus
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At one time, Tasmanian devils were in danger of extinction due to persecution by settlers and destruction of forest habitat, but populations have since stabilized due to protective laws.

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Tasmanian devils love water and are very good swimmers and will wade, splash about, sit, and lie down in water to stay cool.

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Both males and female Tasmanian devils den in hollow logs, caves, or burrows, and make nests of bark, grass, and leaves, which they inhabit throughout the day.

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Tasmanian devils have massive heads with well-developed jaw muscles and heavy molar teeth adapted for crushing bones and tearing through thick muscle and skin.

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Although Tasmanian devils are not territorial, they stay within relatively small home ranges and can travel up to 16km a night in search of food.

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Tasmanian devils typically acquire the Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) during the bite-filled breeding season as this transferrable cancer is passed through contact.

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Tasmanian devils most often live to five-years-old in the wild, but they can live up to seven or eight years.

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As in many dasyurids, Tasmanian devils store their fat in their tails.

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Tasmanian devils are considered nuisance animals and have been considered livestock predators, although these scavengers take most of their large prey in the form of carrion.

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Tasmanian devils have a stocky, thick-set, squat build with a brownish, black pelage and white markings on the rump and chest.

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Male Tasmanian devils compete for access to breeding females and temporarily subdue females while mating.

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Tasmanian devils produce a strong odor when under stress, but when calm and relaxed they are not smelly.

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The greatest recent threat to Tasmanian devils is Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) as populations have declined up to 80% due to the contagious cancer.

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Unlike many other dasyurids, the Tasmanian devil's marsupial pouch is completely closed when breeding.

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Adult Tasmanian devils have few natural predators such as eagles, owls, and spotted-tailed quolls, although Thylacines (Thylacinus cynocephalus) may have preyed on them historically.

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The body size of the Tasmanian devil varies considerably with diet, habitat, and age, and females tend to be slightly smaller than males.

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Tasmanian devils are famous for their threatening gape or yawn, but this display is performed more from fear and uncertainty than from aggression.

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The Tasmanian devil is an "Endangered" species due to food availability, competition with other devils and quolls, loss of habitat, persecution, vehicle strike, and Devil Facial Tumor Disease.

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Tasmanian devils are usually solitary and not territorial, but may interact aggressively over food and follow a hierarchy in captivity.

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Tasmanian devils are plagued by Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD), and are one of only seven species in the world that can contract a contagious cancer.

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Tasmanian devils usually amble slowly with a characteristic gait but can gallop quickly with both hind feet together.

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Although a Tasmanian devil can give birth to up to 40 young, only 4 can survive, with an average of 2-3, because of the limited number of mammae in her pouch.

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Tasmanian devils are most numerous in coastal heath and rangeland areas where agricultural practices maintain a constant supply of carrion and also occur in open, dry schlerophyll forest and mixed schlerophyll-rainforest.

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The Tasmanian devil makes a variety of fierce noises, from harsh coughs and snarls to high pitched screeches, especially when fighting.

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Tasmanian devils are generally nocturnal, but they may be seen sunbathing during the day in quiet areas.

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Because Tasmanian devils are marsupials, their young are born as external embryos, just the size of a grain of rice, and must find their way into the mother's pouch to continue...

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Almost all Tasmanian devils are devastated by a lethal, transferrable, cancer-like disease called Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) that grows tumors on the face until the creature starves to death.

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The Tasmanian devil got its name after early European settlers heard mysterious, unearthly screams in the wild and referred to it as "The Devil."

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Tasmanian devils have keen senses of smell, sight, touch, and taste and communicate with a variety of vocalizations and physical cues.

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Tasmanian devils are monestrous, mating February-May and giving birth most often in April after a gestation period of 21 days.

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Currently, Tasmanian devils are found only in Tasmania, although fossil evidence suggests that they once occupied much of the Australian mainland.

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The Tasmanian devil is the largest, native, mammalian predator on Tasmania and the world's largest carnivorous marsupial, and is an important apex predator in Tasmanian ecosystems.

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Tasmanian devils are carnivorous scavengers with powerful jaws and teeth that allow them to eat the bones and fur of carrion.