Although there’s historically been 22 captive Javan rhinoceroses, none are currently captive and the species has never bred in captivity.
Following the Vietnam war in 1975, the Javan rhinoceros was thought to be extinct in Vietnam, but was later spotted in the area in 1999.
The Javan rhinoceros is a pure, herbivorous browser but was historically a mixed feeder, a more adaptable feeder than other rhinos.
The Javan rhinoceros mates between July and November and females become sexually mature earlier than males.
The Javan rhinoceros’ scientific name, Rhinoceros sondaicus, comes from Greek and Latin referring to its horned nosed and locality in the Sunda islands of Indonesia.
For decades, Javan rhino populations have hovered around 50 animals, the effective carrying capacity of the area which they reside, with an estimated 46-67 alive today.
The Javan rhinoceros is one of 5 extant rhino species within the Rhinocerotidae family and has 3 recognized subspecies, though 2 are now extinct.
Although the Javan rhinoceros used to roam across a vast portion of Asia, it can now only be found in west Java, Indonesia.
The Javan rhinoceros is smaller than most other rhinos as average adults stand 5-6 ft at the shoulder and span 11-12 ft in lenth.
As in other ungulates, the Javan rhinoceros’ teeth are lophodont, having transverse ridges on the grinding surfaces.
The Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is one of the five extant rhinoceros species within the Rhinocerotidae family. Although there were three subspecies recognized, two have become extinct with only one remaining, Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus. This herbivorous rhino is the rarest and most endangered of all rhinos with less than 70 remaining. None are … Learn More
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