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There is no sexual dimorphism in the size or color of red pandas.

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Native names applied to the red panda include lesser panda, fire fox, bear cat, wah, ye, nigalya ponya, thokya, woker, sankam, and wokdonka.

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Young red pandas attain adult size at 12 months and are sexually mature by 18 months.

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Red pandas have semi-retractile claws used effectively in climbing.

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In captivity, male red pandas can be left with females year-round, but females left together in the same enclosure may steal or kill each other's young.

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At birth, red pandas are born with closed ears and eyes and have a gray-buff coat lacking adult coloration and markings.

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In captivity, red pandas live well in mixed-sex groups, but in the wild, they remain solitary.

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Since its discovery in the early 1800's, the taxonomic classification of the red panda has been a subject of almost as much debate as the placement of the giant panda.

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The reddish-orange and white pelage of the red panda provides it camouflage in the reddish-brown moss and white lichens of fir trees.

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The red panda's diet is 98% bamboo, but the panda also consumes small mammals, birds, eggs, blossomes, leaves, bark, fruit, and berries.

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The red panda's tail is not prehensile and makes up 40% of its total length.

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Red pandas are scansorial, but forage primarily on the ground.

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The functional purpose of the red panda having a left lung divided into two lobes, unlike the four in the right lung, is unknown.

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Male red pandas rarely interact with their young, but have been observed sleeping or playing with them in captivity.

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Red pandas are arboreal and prefer residing in conifer or fir trees.

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Because of its scarcity, an intensive international breeding program was established for the red panda in more than 30 zoos.

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Red pandas are nocturnal and crepuscular, being most active at dawn, dusk, and night, and are polyphasic, sleeping at multiple times throughout the day.

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Generally, mortality in red pandas is similar to that of other mammals, but is higher in males.

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Structural homologies and functional similarities exist between some vocalizations of the red panda and those of the giant panda, *Ailuropoda*, and Procyonidae.

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In the wild, red pandas use hollow trees, evergreens, or rock crevices as nest sites, but in captivity, they adopt nest boxes, hollow logs, or other artificial dens.

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Temperature influences the red panda's sleeping posture as it maintains a tight curl during cold weather but stretches along branches with legs dangling during hot weather.

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As a result of human encroachment and the unusual biology of bamboos, red pandas may be near extinction in the western sector of their range, especially in Nepal.

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The red panda has little commercial value in live animal and fur trades, but still faces threats by humans.

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Eastern red pandas may be somewhat larger and darker in color than those from western areas.

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The average gestation period of a red panda is 134 days, implying delayed implantation.

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Red panda mating coincides with the winter solstice and occurs in early winter, usually within January and March.

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Red pandas live an average lifespan of 8-10 years in captivity, with a maximum of 14 years.

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The red panda's skull is larger than similar carnivores in order to improve bite pressure.

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There is debate whether the two extant subspecies of red panda should be considered separate species.

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When discovered in 1821, the red panda was the first species to be named "panda," yet the origin of the name is unknown.

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The red panda is the only extant species within the Ailuridae family.

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Red pandas possess extremely robust dentition in contrast with that of similar procyonids.

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The red panda is the only Asian carnivore in which the plantar surface of the foot is completely covered with hair.