FaunaFocus

Archives

FFA
Zoe
Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkeys lack the chest tuft and wattles of the North American species and their heads are blue instead of red.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey is omnivorous and feeds on grass, seeds, leaves, fruits, succulent vegetables, insects, and corn.

Ocellated Turkey

There was speculation that chicken-born diseases were introduced into the ocellated turkey population by domestic poultry.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkeys are excellent eating and are heavily hunted for food, trade, and occasionally sport, even within reserves.

Silhouette

RedBubble

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey is Near Threatened as it has a small declining population due to hunting pressure and habitat loss.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkey chicks are bright yellow underneath and have black down with yellow tips on their backs and wing stubs.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey was never domesticated as the wild turkey, but they have been kept in captivity and fattened for eating.

Ocellated Turkey

Several zoos in the United States have ocellated turkeys on display, but few have bred the birds successfully.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkeys were valued for Mayan ceremonial banquets and are still eaten by locals today.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey’s vocalization has been written phonetically as “whump-whump-whump—pum-pum-pum-peedle-glunk” or “ting-ting-ting—co-on-cot-zitl-glung.”

Ocellated Turkey

Nesting season is the only time when ocellated turkeys are associated with heavily vegetated areas, called “bajos”.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkeys are not nearly as vocal as the other species and subspecies of turkey.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkeys can be found in arid brushlands, savanna, marshland, forests, mature rain forests, and abandoned farmland.

Ocellated Turkey

Do you think you know the ocellated turkey? Test your knowledge of ocellated turkey FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated hens lay an average of 12 eggs, with an average of 6 poults hatching per hen.

Ocellated Turkey

Ocellated turkey predators include gray fox, ocelot, margay, raccoon, coati, jaguarundi, tira, cougar, jaguar, birds, & snakes.

Ocellated Turkey

Approximately 70% of ocellated turkey hens and 13% of poults survive the nesting and brood-rearing period.

Ocellated Turkey

Much more information is needed regarding the ecology of the ocellated turkey as habitat needs, population dynamics, and management techniques are required to properly conserve this valuable resource.

Ocellated Turkey

Large scale timbering operations followed by slash-and-burn agriculture are one of the ocellated turkey’s primary threats.

Ocellated Turkey

The strutting display of ocellated turkeys is referred to as dancing by the people of Central America.

Ocellated Turkey

There appears to be a good correlation of ocellated turkey spur length with age; the longer the spur, the older the turkey.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey is referred to as pavo and pavo ocelado by Central American locale, and its Mayan Indian name is ucutz il chican.

Ocellated Turkey

On rare occasions, female ocellated turkeys have been spotted with spurs.

Ocellated Turkey

An ocellated turkey’s tail spots are similar to a peacock’s, causing scientists to once believe it was more related to peafowl.

Ocellated Turkey

Legs of adult male ocellated turkeys have pronounced spurs that are longer and more attenuated than those of North American gobblers.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey only exists in a 50,000 square mile area on the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, northern Belize, and the El Petén region of northern Guatemala.

Ocellated Turkey

The head of the male ocellated turkey has a fleshy blue crown adorned with yellow-orange nodules which enlarge during breeding season.

Ocellated Turkey

The spots on the ocellated turkey’s tail helped give it its name, as the Latin word for “eye” is “oculus”.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey is the smallest species of turkey and is significantly smaller than any of the 5 subspecies of North American wild turkeys.

Ocellated Turkey

Very little research has been done on the ocellated turkey and less is known about it than any other turkey species or subspecies.

Ocellated Turkey

The ocellated turkey is one of only 2 species of turkey in the world, the other being the North American wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).