FaunaFocus

Monthly Archives: April 2021

FFA
Vetrina Nicole Art
Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits are very similar in appearance to their sister species, Sumatran striped rabbits, but morphological and genetic data support species-level distinction.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit was first observed in 1995 by biologist Rob Timmins in Bak Lak, Laos, and was described in 1999.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is one of 3 species in the Nesolagus genus, though one species is extinct.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Along with the Sumatran striped rabbit, the Annamite striped rabbit is the most elusive lagomorph known to science and no studies have focused on its ecology, range, or population status.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits can be common to rare, but only 10 specimens have been collected and only a single live rabbit has been photographed in the wild.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is assessed as “Endangered” based on the high level of snaring and agriculture activity in Vietnam which is causing sharp declines in all ground-dwelling small mammals.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The lifespan of Annamite striped rabbits is currently unknown.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

It is unknown why there is a 1,000-mile gap between the Annamite striped rabbit and its closest relative, the Sumatran striped rabbit, but they diverged from common ancestors.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is found in conservation areas Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Park, Nakai–Nam Theun, and Umat.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit occurs at low and medium altitudes in the northern and central Annamite Mountains along the Viet Nam and Lao PDR border.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is named for its native region in the Annamite Mountains and its striped appearance, as it is one of only two species of rabbits to have stripes.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbits’ common name, “rabbit”, usually applies to all genera in the Leporidae family, except Lepus, as almost half the members of Lepus are called “hares”.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is in the Leporidae family of rabbits and hares, containing over 60 species of extant mammals.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit has no recognized subspecies.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit’s ears are half the length of those of species in genus Lepus, and their tails and limbs are shorter, as well, making them poor runners and burrowers.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Little is known regarding the reproduction of Annamite striped rabbits as few individuals have been observed, but their thought to have maternal parental investment.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

There are no known adverse effects of Annamite striped rabbits on humans, though there have been reports by local villagers of the rabbit as a pest of rice fields.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits have been used as a source of food and income by local residents of the Annamite Mountains in Laos and Vietnam.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

In 2011, Annamite striped rabbit DNA was found in terrestrial leeches, offering one of the best options for detecting and monitoring the rabbit’s distribution and habitat preferences.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Natural predators of Annamite striped rabbits are widely unknown, though they are trapped by hunters in the Annamite Mountains.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit is not currently held in captivity, but a captive “insurance” population would help combat the species’ decline.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Do you think you know the Annamite striped rabbit? Test your knowledge of Annamite striped rabbit FaunaFacts with this trivia quiz!

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Vietnamese and Laotian governments don’t maintain any conservation plans for the Annamite striped rabbit, but snare removal teams have removed more than 75,000 snares in 5 years.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Although habitat loss and degradation have been factors in Annamite striped rabbit declines, the species’ primary threat is intensive snaring as hundreds of snares can make up several km. of brush-fence-style lines in the rabbits’ range.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits inhabit subtropical/tropical moist lowland forest and rainforests that receive at least 40mm of rainfall each month.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Based on camera-trapping records and trends in conservation status of other species in the same areas, substantial range-wide declines of Annamite striped rabbit are likely to have occurred.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Although population size and density have not been established anywhere in its range, the Annamite striped rabbit appears to be noticeably less abundant in heavily hunted areas.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits have a relatively primitive dental structure with a simplified paedomorphic pattern on P3.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The impact of the Annamite striped rabbit on its ecosystem is unknown, but as a herbivore, it most likely acts as a seed disperser.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

The Annamite striped rabbit appears to be solitary, though duos have been spotted on two occasions.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite striped rabbits are nocturnal and rest during the day in burrows made by other animals.

Annamite Striped Rabbit

Annamite Striped Rabbit(Nesolagus timminsi)